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BITSTRING(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 		     BITSTRING(3)

NAME
     bit_alloc, bit_clear, bit_decl, bit_ffc, bit_ffs, bit_nclear, bit_nset, bit_set,
     bitstr_size, bit_test -- bit-string manipulation macros

SYNOPSIS
     #include <bitstring.h>

     bitstr_t *
     bit_alloc(int nbits);

     bit_clear(bit_str name, int bit);

     bit_decl(bit_str name, int nbits);

     bit_ffc(bit_str name, int nbits, int *value);

     bit_ffs(bit_str name, int nbits, int *value);

     bit_nclear(bit_str name, int start, int stop);

     bit_nset(bit_str name, int start, int stop);

     bit_set(bit_str name, int bit);

     bitstr_size(int nbits);

     bit_test(bit_str name, int bit);

DESCRIPTION
     These macros operate on strings of bits.

     The macro bit_alloc() returns a pointer of type ``bitstr_t *'' to sufficient space to store
     nbits bits, or NULL if no space is available.

     The macro bit_decl() allocates sufficient space to store nbits bits on the stack.

     The macro bitstr_size() returns the number of elements of type bitstr_t necessary to store
     nbits bits.  This is useful for copying bit strings.

     The macros bit_clear() and bit_set() clear or set the zero-based numbered bit bit, in the
     bit string name.

     The bit_nset() and bit_nclear() macros set or clear the zero-based numbered bits from start
     to stop in the bit string name.

     The bit_test() macro evaluates to non-zero if the zero-based numbered bit bit of bit string
     name is set, and zero otherwise.

     The bit_ffs() macro stores in the location referenced by value the zero-based number of the
     first bit set in the array of nbits bits referenced by name.  If no bits are set, the loca-
     tion referenced by value is set to -1.

     The macro bit_ffc() stores in the location referenced by value the zero-based number of the
     first bit not set in the array of nbits bits referenced by name.  If all bits are set, the
     location referenced by value is set to -1.

     The arguments to these macros are evaluated only once and may safely have side effects.

EXAMPLES
	   #include <limits.h>
	   #include <bitstring.h>

	   ...
	   #define LPR_BUSY_BIT 	   0
	   #define LPR_FORMAT_BIT	   1
	   #define LPR_DOWNLOAD_BIT	   2
	   ...
	   #define LPR_AVAILABLE_BIT	   9
	   #define LPR_MAX_BITS 	   10

	   make_lpr_available()
	   {
		   bitstr_t bit_decl(bitlist, LPR_MAX_BITS);
		   ...
		   bit_nclear(bitlist, 0, LPR_MAX_BITS - 1);
		   ...
		   if (!bit_test(bitlist, LPR_BUSY_BIT)) {
			   bit_clear(bitlist, LPR_FORMAT_BIT);
			   bit_clear(bitlist, LPR_DOWNLOAD_BIT);
			   bit_set(bitlist, LPR_AVAILABLE_BIT);
		   }
	   }

SEE ALSO
     malloc(3)

HISTORY
     The bitstring functions first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BSD					  July 19, 1993 				      BSD
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