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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for setuid (netbsd section 2)

SETUID(2)			     BSD System Calls Manual				SETUID(2)

NAME
     setuid, seteuid, setgid, setegid -- set user and group ID

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     setuid(uid_t uid);

     int
     seteuid(uid_t euid);

     int
     setgid(gid_t gid);

     int
     setegid(gid_t egid);

DESCRIPTION
     The setuid() function sets the real and effective user IDs and the saved set-user-ID of the
     current process to the specified value.  The setuid() function is permitted if the specified
     ID is equal to the real user ID of the process, or if the effective user ID is that of the
     super user.

     The setgid() function sets the real and effective group IDs and the saved set-group-ID of
     the current process to the specified value.  The setgid() function is permitted if the spec-
     ified ID is equal to the real group ID of the process, or if the effective user ID is that
     of the super user.  Supplementary group IDs remain unchanged.

     The seteuid() function (setegid()) sets the effective user ID (group ID) of the current
     process.  The effective user ID may be set to the value of the real user ID or the saved
     set-user-ID (see intro(2) and execve(2)); in this way, the effective user ID of a set-user-
     ID executable may be toggled by switching to the real user ID, then re-enabled by reverting
     to the set-user-ID value.	Similarly, the effective group ID may be set to the value of the
     real group ID or the saved set-group-ID.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon success, these functions return 0; otherwise -1 is returned.

     If the user is not the super user, or the uid specified is not the real, effective ID, or
     saved ID, these functions return -1.

SEE ALSO
     getgid(2), getgroups(2), getuid(2)

STANDARDS
     The setuid() and setgid() functions are compliant with the ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'')
     specification with _POSIX_SAVED_IDS not defined.  We do not implement the _POSIX_SAVED_IDS
     option as specified in the standard because this would make it impossible for a set-user-ID
     executable owned by a user other than the super-user to permanently revoke its privileges.

     The seteuid() and setegid() functions are compliant with IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     The setuid() and setgid() functions appeared in Version 2 AT&T UNIX and Version 4 AT&T UNIX,
     respectively.

BSD					  April 3, 2010 				      BSD


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