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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for semop (netbsd section 2)

SEMOP(2)			     BSD System Calls Manual				 SEMOP(2)

     semop -- semaphore operations

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/sem.h>

     semop(int semid, struct sembuf *sops, size_t nsops);

     semop() provides a number of atomic operations on a set of semaphores.  The semaphore set is
     specified by semid, sops is an array of semaphore operations, and nsops is the number of
     operations in this array.	The sembuf structures in the array contain the following members:

	 unsigned short sem_num; /* semaphore # */
	 short		sem_op;  /* semaphore operation */
	 short		sem_flg; /* operation flags */

     Each operation (specified in sem_op) is applied to semaphore number sem_num in the set of
     semaphores specified by semid.  The value of sem_op determines the action taken in the fol-
     lowing way:

     o	 sem_op is less than 0.  The current process is blocked until the value of the semaphore
	 is greater than or equal to the absolute value of sem_op.  The absolute value of sem_op
	 is then subtracted from the value of the semaphore, and the calling process continues.
	 Negative values of sem_op are thus used to enter critical regions.

     o	 sem_op is greater than 0.  Its value is added to the value of the specified semaphore.
	 This is used to leave critical regions.

     o	 sem_op is equal to 0.	The calling process is blocked until the value of the specified
	 semaphore reaches 0.

     The behaviour of each operation is influenced by the flags set in sem_flg in the following

     IPC_NOWAIT   In the case where the calling process would normally block, waiting for a sema-
		  phore to reach a certain value, IPC_NOWAIT makes the call return immediately,
		  returning a value of -1 and setting errno to EAGAIN.

     SEM_UNDO	  Keep track of the changes that this call makes to the value of a semaphore, so
		  that they can be undone when the calling process terminates.	This is useful to
		  prevent other processes waiting on a semaphore to block forever, should the
		  process that has the semaphore locked terminate in a critical section.

     Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, -1 is returned and the
     global variable errno is set to indicate the error.

     semop() will fail if:

     [EINVAL]		There is no semaphore associated with semid.

     [EIDRM]		The semaphore set was removed while the process was waiting for one of
			its semaphores to reach a certain value.

     [EACCES]		The calling process has no permission to access the specified semaphore

     [E2BIG]		The value of nsops is too big.	The maximum is defined as MAX_SOPS in

     [EFBIG]		sem_num in one of the sem_buf structures is less than 0, or greater than
			the actual number of semaphores in the set specified by semid.

     [ENOSPC]		SEM_UNDO was requested, and there is not enough space left in the kernel
			to store the undo information.

     [EAGAIN]		The requested operation can not immediately be performed, and IPC_NOWAIT
			was set in sem_flg.

     [EFAULT]		sops points to an illegal address.

     semctl(2), semget(2)

     The semop system call conforms to X/Open System Interfaces and Headers Issue 5 (``XSH5'').

     Semaphores appeared in the first release of AT&T System V UNIX.

BSD					 November 3, 2005				      BSD

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