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minherit(2) [netbsd man page]

MINHERIT(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual						       MINHERIT(2)

NAME
minherit -- control the inheritance of pages LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mman.h> int minherit(void *addr, size_t len, int inherit); DESCRIPTION
The minherit() system call changes the specified range of virtual addresses to have the specified fork-time inheritance characteristic inherit, which can be set to MAP_INHERIT_NONE, MAP_INHERIT_COPY, or MAP_INHERIT_SHARE. Also possible is MAP_INHERIT_DEFAULT, which defaults to MAP_INHERIT_COPY. Not all implementations will guarantee that the inheritance characteristic can be set on a page basis; the granularity of changes may be as large as an entire region. Normally, the entire address space is marked MAP_INHERIT_COPY; when the process calls fork(), the child receives a (virtual) copy of the entire address space. Pages or regions marked MAP_INHERIT_SHARE are shared between the address spaces, while pages or regions marked MAP_INHERIT_NONE will be unmapped in the child. RETURN VALUES
The minherit() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indi- cate the error. ERRORS
minherit() will fail if: [EINVAL] An invalid region or invalid parameters were specified. SEE ALSO
fork(2), madvise(2), mincore(2), mprotect(2), msync(2), munmap(2) HISTORY
The minherit() function first appeared in OpenBSD. BUGS
If a particular port does not support page-granularity inheritance, there's no way to figure out how large a region is actually affected by minherit(). BSD
October 7, 2006 BSD

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MINHERIT(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual						       MINHERIT(2)

NAME
minherit -- control the inheritance of pages LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mman.h> int minherit(void *addr, size_t len, int inherit); DESCRIPTION
The minherit() system call changes the specified pages to have the inheritance characteristic inherit. Not all implementations will guaran- tee that the inheritance characteristic can be set on a page basis; the granularity of changes may be as large as an entire region. FreeBSD is capable of adjusting inheritance characteristics on a page basis. Inheritance only effects children created by fork(). It has no effect on exec(). exec'd processes replace their address space entirely. This system call also has no effect on the parent's address space (other than to potentially share the address space with its children). Inheritance is a rather esoteric feature largely superseded by the MAP_SHARED feature of mmap(). However, it is possible to use minherit() to share a block of memory between parent and child that has been mapped MAP_PRIVATE. That is, modifications made by parent or child are shared but the original underlying file is left untouched. INHERIT_SHARE This option causes the address space in question to be shared between parent and child. It has no effect on how the original underlying backing store was mapped. INHERIT_NONE This option prevents the address space in question from being inherited at all. The address space will be unmapped in the child. INHERIT_COPY This option causes the child to inherit the address space as copy-on-write. This option also has an unfortunate side effect of causing the parent address space to become copy-on-write when the parent forks. If the original mapping was MAP_SHARED, it will no longer be shared in the parent after the parent forks and there is no way to get the previous shared-backing-store mapping without unmapping and remapping the address space in the parent. RETURN VALUES
The minherit() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indi- cate the error. ERRORS
The minherit() system call will fail if: [EINVAL] The virtual address range specified by the addr and len arguments is not valid. [EACCES] The flags specified by the inherit argument were not valid for the pages specified by the addr and len arguments. SEE ALSO
fork(2), madvise(2), mincore(2), mprotect(2), msync(2), munmap(2), rfork(2) HISTORY
The minherit() system call first appeared in OpenBSD and then in FreeBSD 2.2. BUGS
Once you set inheritance to MAP_PRIVATE or MAP_SHARED, there is no way to recover the original copy-on-write semantics short of unmapping and remapping the area. BSD
October 30, 2007 BSD
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