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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for lseek (netbsd section 2)

LSEEK(2)			     BSD System Calls Manual				 LSEEK(2)

NAME
     lseek, seek -- reposition read/write file offset

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     off_t
     lseek(int fildes, off_t offset, int whence);

DESCRIPTION
     The lseek() function repositions the offset of the file descriptor fildes to the argument
     offset according to the directive whence.	The argument fildes must be an open file descrip-
     tor.  lseek() repositions the file pointer fildes as follows:

	   If whence is SEEK_SET, the offset is set to offset bytes.

	   If whence is SEEK_CUR, the offset is set to its current location plus offset bytes.

	   If whence is SEEK_END, the offset is set to the size of the file plus offset bytes.

     The lseek() function allows the file offset to be set beyond the end of the existing end-of-
     file of the file.	If data is later written at this point, subsequent reads of the data in
     the gap return bytes of zeros (until data is actually written into the gap).

     Some devices are incapable of seeking.  The value of the pointer associated with such a
     device is undefined.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, lseek() returns the resulting offset location as measured in
     bytes from the beginning of the file.  Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set
     to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     lseek() will fail and the file pointer will remain unchanged if:

     [EBADF]		fildes is not an open file descriptor.

     [EINVAL]		whence is not a proper value, or the resulting file offset would be
			invalid.

     [ESPIPE]		fildes is associated with a pipe, socket, or FIFO.

SEE ALSO
     dup(2), open(2)

STANDARDS
     The lseek() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     A seek() function appeared in Version 2 AT&T UNIX, later renamed into lseek() for ``long
     seek'' due to a larger offset argument type.

BUGS
     This document's use of whence is incorrect English, but is maintained for historical rea-
     sons.

BSD					  April 3, 2010 				      BSD


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