Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

i386_pmc_startstop(2) [netbsd man page]

I386_PMC_INFO(2)					   BSD/i386 System Calls Manual 					  I386_PMC_INFO(2)

i386_pmc_info, i386_pmc_startstop, i386_pmc_read -- interface to CPU performance counters LIBRARY
i386 Architecture Library (libi386, -li386) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <machine/sysarch.h> #include <machine/specialreg.h> int i386_pmc_info(struct i386_pmc_info_args *ia); int i386_pmc_startstop(struct i386_pmc_startstop_args *ssa); int i386_pmc_read(struct i386_pmc_read_args *ra); DESCRIPTION
These functions provide an interface to the CPU performance counters on the 586-class and 686-class processors. i386_pmc_info() will return information about the available CPU counters. The information is returned in ia having the following structure: struct i386_pmc_info_args { int type; int flags; }; The type member describes the class of performance counters available. Valid values are: PMC_TYPE_NONE No PMC support PMC_TYPE_I586 586-class CPUs PMC_TYPE_I686 686-class Intel CPUs PMC_TYPE_K7 686-class AMD CPUs The flags member describes additional capabilities of the processor. Valid values are: PMC_INFO_HASTSC CPU has time-stamp counter i386_pmc_startstop() is used to start and stop the measurement of the CPU performance counters. The argument ssa has the following struc- ture: struct i386_pmc_startstop_args { int counter; uint64_t val; uint8_t event; uint8_t unit; uint8_t compare; uint8_t flags; }; The counter specified by the member counter is started if the member flags has PMC_SETUP_KERNEL or PMC_SETUP_USER set, otherwise the counter is stopped. The initial value of the counter is set to val. Additional values for the flags member are PMC_SETUP_EDGE and PMC_SETUP_INV. The event member specifies some event written to the control register. The unit member specifies the measurement units. The compare member is a mask for the counter. i386_pmc_read() will return information about a specific CPU counter measured during the last measurement period determined by the calling of i386_pmc_startstop(). The information is returned in ra having the following structure: struct i386_pmc_read_args { int counter; uint64_t val; uint64_t time; }; The counter to read should be specified by the counter member. Counters are numbered from 0 to PMC_NCOUNTERS. The value of the counter is returned in the val member. The time since epoch, measured in CPU clock cycles, is returned in the time member. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion zero is returned, otherwise -1 is returned on failure. BSD
November 10, 2001 BSD

Check Out this Related Man Page

PMC(9)							   BSD Kernel Developer's Manual						    PMC(9)

pmc, pmc_get_num_counters, pmc_get_counter_type, pmc_save_context, pmc_restore_context, pmc_enable_counter, pmc_disable_counter, pmc_counter_isrunning, pmc_counter_isconfigured, pmc_configure_counter, pmc_get_counter_value, pmc_accumulate, pmc_alloc_kernel_counter, pmc_free_kernel_counter, pmc_start_profiling, pmc_stop_profiling, PMC_ENABLED -- Hardware Performance Monitoring Interface SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/pmc.h> int pmc_get_num_counters(void); int pmc_get_counter_type(int ctr); void pmc_save_context(struct lwp *l); void pmc_restore_context(struct lwp *l); int pmc_enable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr); int pmc_disable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr); int pmc_counter_isrunning(struct lwp *l, int ctr); int pmc_counter_isconfigured(struct lwp *l, int ctr); int pmc_configure_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg); int pmc_get_counter_value(struct lwp *l, int ctr, int flags, uint64_t *pval); int pmc_accumulate(struct lwp *l_parent, struct lwp *l_exiting); int pmc_alloc_kernel_counter(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg); int pmc_free_kernel_counter(int ctr); int pmc_start_profiling(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg); int pmc_stop_profiling(int ctr); int PMC_ENABLED(struct lwp *l); DESCRIPTION
Provides a machine-independent interface to the hardware performance counters which are available on several CPU families. The capabilities of these counters vary from CPU to CPU, but they basically count hardware events such as data cache hits or misses, branches taken, branched mispredicted, and so forth. Some can interrupt the processor when a certain threshold has been reached. Some can count events in user space and kernel space independently. The pmc interface is intended to allow monitoring from within the kernel as well as monitoring of userland applications. If the hardware can interrupt the CPU in a specific implementation, then it may also be used as a profiling source instead of the clock. IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
All function calls in this interface may be defined as cpp(1) macros. If any function is not implemented as a macro, its prototype must be defined by the port-specific header <machine/pmc.h>. Counters are numbered from 0 to N-1 where N is the number of counters available on the system (see pmc_get_num_counters() below). Upon a process fork, implementations must o Zero performance counters for the new process, and o Inherit any enabled performance counters. DATA TYPES
Each implementation must specify two new types: pmc_evid_t An integer type which can contain the event IDs for a given processor. pmc_ctr_t An integer type defining the value which may be contained in a given counter register. Counters are configured with the struct pmc_counter_cfg. This structure is defined as struct pmc_counter_cfg { pmc_evid_t event_id; pmc_ctr_t reset_value; uint32_t flags; }; flags are currently unused. FUNCTIONS
pmc_get_num_counters(void) Returns the number of counters present on the current system. Valid values for ctr in the interface entry points below are from zero to one less than the return value from this function. pmc_get_counter_type(int ctr) Returns an implementation-dependent type describing the specified counter. If ctr is specified as -1, returns a machine-dependent type describing the CPU or counter configuration. For example, on an ia32 architecture, it may distinguish between 586-, 686-, and K7-style counters. pmc_save_context(struct lwp *l) Saves the PMC context for the current process. This is called just before cpu_switch(9). If there is kernel PMC state, it must be maintained across this call. pmc_restore_context(struct lwp *l) Restores the PMC context for the current process. This is called just after cpu_switch(9) returns. If there is kernel PMC state, it must be maintained across this call. pmc_enable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr) Enables counter ctr for the specified process. The counter should have already been configured with a call to pmc_configure_counter(). This starts the counter running if it is not already started and enables any interrupts, as appropriate. pmc_disable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr) Disables counter ctr for the specified process. This stops the counter from running, and disables any interrupts, as appropriate. pmc_counter_isrunning(struct lwp *l, int ctr) Returns non-zero if the specified counter in the specified process is running or if the counter is running in the kernel. pmc_counter_isconfigured(struct lwp *l, int ctr) Returns non-zero if the specified counter in the specified process is configured or if the counter is in use by the kernel. pmc_configure_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg) Configures counter ctr according to the configuration information stored in cfg. pmc_get_counter_value(struct lwp *l, int ctr, int flags, uint64_t *pval) Returns the value of counter ctr in the space pointed to by pval. The only recognized flag is PMC_VALUE_FLAGS_CHILDREN which speci- fies that the returned counts should be accumulated values for any exited child processes. pmc_accumulate(struct lwp *l_parent, struct lwp *l_exiting) Accumulates any counter data from the exiting process p_exiting into the counters for the parent process p_parent. pmc_alloc_kernel_counter(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg) Allocates counter ctr for use by the kernel and configures it with cfg. pmc_free_kernel_counter(int ctr) Returns counter ctr to the available pool of counters that may be used by processes. pmc_start_profiling(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg) Allocates counter ctr for use by the kernel for profiling and configures it with cfg. pmc_stop_profiling(int ctr) Stops profiling with counter ctr. PMC_ENABLED(struct lwp *l) Returns non-zero if the given process or the kernel is using the PMC at all. SEE ALSO
pmc(1), pmc_control(2), pmc_get_info(2) HISTORY
The pmc interface appeared in NetBSD 2.0. AUTHORS
The pmc interface was designed and implemented by Allen Briggs for Wasabi Systems, Inc. Additional input on the pmc design was provided by Jason R. Thorpe. BSD
May 14, 2010 BSD
Man Page