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wc(1) [netbsd man page]

WC(1)							    BSD General Commands Manual 						     WC(1)

NAME
wc -- word, line, and byte count SYNOPSIS
wc [-c | -m] [-Llw] [file ...] DESCRIPTION
The wc utility displays the number of lines, words, bytes and characters contained in each input file (or standard input, by default) to the standard output. A line is defined as a string of characters delimited by a <newline> character, and a word is defined as a string of char- acters delimited by white space characters. White space characters are the set of characters for which the iswspace(3) function returns true. If more than one input file is specified, a line of cumulative counts for all the files is displayed on a separate line after the out- put for the last file. The following options are available: -c The number of bytes in each input file is written to the standard output. -L The number of characters in the longest line of each input file is written to the standard output. -l The number of lines in each input file is written to the standard output. -m The number of characters in each input file is written to the standard output. -w The number of words in each input file is written to the standard output. When an option is specified, wc only reports the information requested by that option. The default action is equivalent to all the flags -clw having been specified. The following operands are available: file A pathname of an input file. If no file names are specified, the standard input is used and no file name is displayed. By default, the standard output contains a line for each input file of the form: lines words bytes file_name EXIT STATUS
The wc utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. SEE ALSO
iswspace(3) COMPATIBILITY
Historically, the wc utility was documented to define a word as a ``maximal string of characters delimited by <space>, <tab> or <newline> characters''. The implementation, however, didn't handle non-printing characters correctly so that `` ^D^E '' counted as 6 spaces, while ``foo^D^Ebar'' counted as 8 characters. 4BSD systems after 4.3BSD modified the implementation to be consistent with the documentation. This implementation defines a ``word'' in terms of the iswspace(3) function, as required by IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2''). The -L option is a non-standard extension, compatible with the -L option of the GNU and FreeBSD wc utilities. STANDARDS
The wc utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.2-1992 (``POSIX.2''). BSD
February 18, 2010 BSD

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PASTE(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						  PASTE(1)

NAME
paste -- merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files SYNOPSIS
paste [-s] [-d list] file ... DESCRIPTION
The paste utility concatenates the corresponding lines of the given input files, replacing all but the last file's newline characters with a single tab character, and writes the resulting lines to standard output. If end-of-file is reached on an input file while other input files still contain data, the file is treated as if it were an endless source of empty lines. The options are as follows: -d list Use one or more of the provided characters to replace the newline characters instead of the default tab. The characters in list are used circularly, i.e., when list is exhausted the first character from list is reused. This continues until a line from the last input file (in default operation) or the last line in each file (using the -s option) is displayed, at which time paste begins selecting characters from the beginning of list again. The following special characters can also be used in list: newline character tab character \ backslash character Empty string (not a null character). Any other character preceded by a backslash is equivalent to the character itself. -s Concatenate all of the lines of each separate input file in command line order. The newline character of every line except the last line in each input file is replaced with the tab character, unless otherwise specified by the -d option. If '-' is specified for one or more of the input files, the standard input is used; standard input is read one line at a time, circularly, for each instance of '-'. The paste utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. SEE ALSO
cut(1) STANDARDS
The paste utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') compatible. BSD
June 6, 1993 BSD
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