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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for vacation (netbsd section 1)

VACATION(1)			   BSD General Commands Manual			      VACATION(1)

NAME
     vacation -- return ``I am not here'' indication

SYNOPSIS
     vacation -dIi [-f databasefile] [-m messagefile] [-r interval] [-t interval]
     vacation -dj [-a alias] [-F F|R|S] [-f databasefile] [-m messagefile] [-s sender] [-T A|D]
	      login

DESCRIPTION
     vacation returns a message to the sender of a message telling them that you are currently
     not reading your mail.  The intended use is in a .forward file.  For example, your .forward
     file might have:

	   \eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"
     which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and reply to any mes-
     sages for ``eric'' or ``allman''.

     Available options:

     -a alias
	     Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received for the user's login
	     name.

     -d      Turn debugging on; don't send an actual message, but print it on stdout.

     -f database_file
	     Use the specified database_file prefix and append .db to it instead of
	     $HOME/.vacation.db.

     -F F|R|S
	     Make vacation additionally look in From: (F), Return-Path: (R), or Sender: (S) head-
	     ers to determine the From: field.

     -i

     -I      Initialize the vacation database files.  It should be used before you modify your
	     .forward file.

     -j      Do not check if the recipient is present in the To: or Cc: lines.	Usage of this
	     option is strongly discouraged because it will result in vacation replying to mail-
	     ing lists or other inappropriate places (e.g., messages that you have been Bcc to).

     -m message_file
	     Use message_file instead of $HOME/.vacation.msg.

     -s sender
	     Reply to sender instead of the value read from the message.

     -r interval

     -t interval
	     Set the reply interval to interval days.  If the interval number is followed by w,
	     d, h, m, or s then the number is interpreted as weeks, days, hours, minutes, or sec-
	     onds respectively.  The default interval is one week.  An interval of ``0'' means
	     that a reply is sent to each message, and an interval of ``infinite'' (actually, any
	     non-numeric character) will never send more than one reply.  It should be noted that
	     intervals of ``0'' are quite dangerous, as it allows mailers to get into ``I am on
	     vacation'' loops.

     -T A|D  Make vacation additionally look in Apparently-To: (A) or Delivered-To: (D) headers
	     to determine the To: field.

     No message will be sent unless login (or an alias supplied using the -a option) is part of
     either the ``To:'' or ``Cc:'' headers of the mail.  No messages from ``???-REQUEST'',
     ``Postmaster'', ``UUCP'', ``MAILER'', or ``MAILER-DAEMON'' will be replied to (where these
     strings are case insensitive) nor is a notification sent if a ``Precedence: bulk''
     ``Precedence: list'' or ``Precedence: junk'' line is included in the mail headers.  The peo-
     ple who have sent you messages are maintained as a db(3) database in the file .vacation.db
     in your home directory.

     vacation expects a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory, containing a message to be
     sent back to each sender.	It should be an entire message (including headers).  If the mes-
     sage contains the string $SUBJECT then it will will be replaced with the subject of the
     original message.	For example, it might contain:

	   From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
	   Subject: I am on vacation
	   Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
	   Precedence: bulk

	   I am on vacation until July 22.
	   Your mail regarding "$SUBJECT" will be read when I return.
	   If you have something urgent, please contact Keith Bostic
	   <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>.
	   --eric

     vacation reads the first line from the standard input for a UNIX ``From'' line to determine
     the sender.  sendmail(8) includes this ``From'' line automatically.

     Fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect arguments, or with non-existent
     logins, are logged in the system log file, using syslog(3).

FILES
     ~/.vacation.db   database file
     ~/.vacation.msg  message to send

SEE ALSO
     syslog(3), sendmail(8)

HISTORY
     The vacation command appeared in 4.3BSD.

BUGS
     Adding -t A or -t D should only be done for misconfigured or non-compliant MTAs.  Doing so
     may auto-respond to messages that were not supposed to be replied to.

BSD					 August 19, 2004				      BSD


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