PIGZ(1) BSD General Commands Manual PIGZ(1)
pigz, unpigz -- compress or expand files
pigz [-0..9cdfhiKkLlNnqRrTtz] [-b blocksize] [-p threads] [-S suffix] [file ...]
unpigz [-cfhiKkLlNnqRrTtz] [-b blocksize] [-p threads] [-S suffix] [file ...]
pigz compresses using threads to make use of multiple processors and cores. The input is broken up into 128 KB chunks with each compressed
in parallel. The individual check value for each chunk is also calculated in parallel. The compressed data is written in order to the out-
put, and a combined check value is calculated from the individual check values.
The compressed data format generated is in the gzip, zlib, or single-entry zip format using the deflate compression method. The compression
produces partial raw deflate streams which are concatenated by a single write thread and wrapped with the appropriate header and trailer,
where the trailer contains the combined check value.
Each partial raw deflate stream is terminated by an empty stored block (using the Z_SYNC_FLUSH option of zlib(3)), in order to end that par-
tial bit stream at a byte boundary. That allows the partial streams to be concatenated simply as sequences of bytes. This adds a very small
four to five byte overhead to the output for each input chunk.
The default input block size is 128K, but can be changed with the -b option. The number of compress threads is set by default to the number
of online processors, which can be changed using the -p option. Specifying -p 1 avoids the use of threads entirely.
The input blocks, while compressed independently, have the last 32K of the previous block loaded as a preset dictionary to preserve the com-
pression effectiveness of deflating in a single thread. This can be turned off using the -i or --independent option, so that the blocks can
be decompressed independently for partial error recovery or for random access.
Decompression can't be parallelized, at least not without specially prepared deflate streams for that purpose. As a result, pigz uses a sin-
gle thread (the main thread) for decompression, but will create three other threads for reading, writing, and check calculation, which can
speed up decompression under some circumstances. Parallel decompression can be turned off by specifying one process (-dp 1 or -tp 1).
Compressed files can be restored to their original form using pigz -d or unpigz.
-#, --fast, --best Regulate the speed of compression using the specified digit #, where -1 or --fast indicates the fastest compression
method (less compression) and -9 or --best indicates the slowest compression method (best compression). Level 0 is no
-b, --blocksize mmm Set compression block size to mmm K (default 128KiB).
-c, --stdout, --to-stdout
Write all processed output to stdout (won't delete).
-d, --decompress, --uncompress
Decompress the compressed input.
-f, --force Force overwrite, compress .gz, links, and to terminal.
-h, --help Display a help screen and quit.
-i, --independent Compress blocks independently for damage recovery.
-K, --zip Compress to PKWare zip (.zip) single entry format.
-k, --keep Do not delete original file after processing.
-L, --license Display the pigz license and quit.
-l, --list List the contents of the compressed input.
-N, --name Store/restore file name and mod time in/from header.
-n, --no-name Do not store or restore file name in/from header.
-p, --processes n Allow up to n processes (default is the number of online processors)
-q, --quiet, --silent
Print no messages, even on error.
-r, --recursive Process the contents of all subdirectories.
-S, --suffix .sss Use suffix .sss instead of .gz (for compression).
-T, --no-time Do not store or restore mod time in/from header.
-t, --test Test the integrity of the compressed input.
-V, --version Show the version of pigz.
-v, --verbose Provide more verbose output.
-z, --zlib Compress to zlib (.zz) instead of gzip format.
This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied warranty. In no event will the author be held liable for any damages aris-
ing from the use of this software.
Copyright (C) 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 Mark Adler <firstname.lastname@example.org>
June 19, 2010 BSD