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from(1) [netbsd man page]

FROM(1) 						    BSD General Commands Manual 						   FROM(1)

from -- print names of those who have sent mail SYNOPSIS
from [-s sender] [-f file] [user] DESCRIPTION
from prints out the mail header lines from the invoker's mailbox. Options: -f file The supplied file is examined instead of the invoker's mailbox. If the -f option is used, the user argument should not be used. -s sender Only mail from addresses containing the supplied string are printed. If user is given, the user's mailbox, is examined instead of the invoker's own mailbox. (Privileges are required.) FILES
/var/mail/* SEE ALSO
biff(1), mail(1) HISTORY
The from command appeared in 3.0BSD. BSD
December 30, 1993 BSD

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MAIL.LOCAL(8)						      System Manager's Manual						     MAIL.LOCAL(8)

mail.local - store mail in a mailbox SYNOPSIS
mail.local [-7] [-b] [-d] [-D mbdb] [-l] [-f from|-r from] [-h filename ] user ... DESCRIPTION
Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it to each user's mail file. The user must be a valid user name. The options are as follows: -7 Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode. -b Return a permanent error instead of a temporary error if a mailbox exceeds quota. -d Specify this is a delivery (for backward compatibility). This option has no effect. -D mbdb Specify the name of the mailbox database which is used to look up local recipient names. This option defaults to "pw", which means use getpwnam(). -f from Specify the sender's name. -l Turn on LMTP mode. -r from Specify the sender's name (for backward compatibility). Same as -f. -h filename Store incoming mail in filename in the user's home directory instead of a system mail spool directory. The next options are only available if mail.local has been compiled with -DHASHSPOOL. -H hashtypehashdepth Select hashed mail directories. Valid hash types are u for user name and m for MD5 (requires compilation with -DHASHSPOOLMD5). Example: -H u2 selects user name hashing with a hash depth of 2. Note: there must be no space between the hash type and the depth. -p path Specify an alternate mail spool path. -n Specify that the domain part of recipient addresses in LMTP mode should not be stripped. Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line followed by a line beginning with the string ``From ''. A line con- taining the string ``From '', the sender's name and a time stamp is prepended to each delivered mail message. A blank line is appended to each message. A greater-than character (``>'') is prepended to any line in the message which could be mistaken for a ``From '' delimiter line (that is, a line beginning with the five characters ``From '' following a blank line). The mail files are exclusively locked with flock(2) while mail is appended, and a user.lock file also is created while the mailbox is locked for compatibility with older MUAs. If the ``biff'' service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff server is notified of delivered mail. The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. ENVIRONMENT
TZ Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp. FILES
/tmp/local.XXXXXX temporary files /var/mail/user user's default mailbox directory /var/mail/user.lock lock file for a user's default mailbox SEE ALSO
mail(1), xsend(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8) WARNING
mail.local escapes only "^From " lines that follow an empty line. If all lines starting with "From " should be escaped, use the 'E' flag for the local mailer in the file. HISTORY
A superset of mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail. $Date: 2003/10/20 20:26:51 $ MAIL.LOCAL(8)
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