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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for db (netbsd section 1)

DB(1)				   BSD General Commands Manual				    DB(1)

NAME
     db -- manipulate db(3)'s btree(3) and hash(3) databases

SYNOPSIS
     db [-DKiNqV] [-E endian] [-f infile] [-O outsep] [-S visitem] [-T visspec] [-U unvisitem]
	[-X extravis] type dbfile [key [...]]
     db -d [-iNq] [-E endian] [-f infile] [-T visspec] [-U unvisitem] type dbfile [key [...]]
     db -w [-CDiNqR] [-E endian] [-F insep] [-f infile] [-m mode] [-P pagesize] [-T visspec]
	[-U unvisitem] type dbfile [key value [...]]

DESCRIPTION
     db allows manipulation of btree(3) and hash(3) (db(3)) databases.

     db has three modes of operation to perform upon dbfile:

	   read    Displays the given keys, and keys described in infile.  If no keys and no
		   infile is specified, the entire database is displayed.  This is the default
		   mode of operation.

	   delete  Enabled with -d.  Deletes the given keys, and keys described in infile.

	   write   Enabled with -w.  Writes the given keys and values, and keys and values
		   described in infile (in the latter case, entries are separated by insep).

     There are two mandatory arguments: type is the database type; either 'btree' or 'hash', and
     dbfile is the database file to manipulate.

     Options valid for all modes are:

	   -E endian   Set the endianness of the database.  endian may be one of:
			     B	Big endian
			     H	Host endian
			     L	Little endian
		       Defaults to 'H' (host endian).

	   -f infile   Contains a list of keys (for read and delete), or insep separated keys and
		       values (for write) to be used as arguments to the given mode.  If infile
		       is '-', stdin is used.

	   -i	       Keys are converted to lower case before manipulation.

	   -N	       Do not include the NUL byte at the end of the key or value.

	   -q	       Quiet operation.  In read mode, missing keys are not considered to be an
		       error.  In delete (-d) and write (-w) modes, the result of various opera-
		       tions is suppressed.

	   -T visspec  Control how the items specified by the -S option are encoded and -U option
		       are decoded.  The visspec option-argument is a string specifying
		       strsvisx(3) flags.  The string consists of one or more characters:
			     b	 VIS_NOSLASH
			     c	 VIS_CSTYLE.  Overrides h and o.
			     h	 VIS_HTTPSTYLE.  Overrides c and o.
			     o	 VIS_OCTAL.  Overrides c and h.
			     s	 VIS_SAFE
			     t	 VIS_TAB
			     w	 VIS_WHITE

		       -U only supports -T h.

		       See vis(1)'s corresponding options for the meaning of these characters,
		       and strsvisx(3) for more detail on the flags.

	   -U unvisitem
		       Specify items to strunvisx(3) decode.  The unvisitem option-argument is a
		       character specifying if the key (k), the value (v) or both (b) should be
		       decoded.

     Read mode specific options are:

	   -D	       Display duplicate entries in btree databases.

	   -K	       Display key.

	   -O outsep   Field separator string between key and value.  Defaults to a single tab
		       ('\t').

	   -S visitem  Specify items to strsvisx(3) encode.  The visitem option-argument is a
		       character specifying if the key (k), the value (v) or both (b) should be
		       encoded.

	   -V	       Display value.

	   -X extravis
		       When encoding items with -S option also encode characters in extravis, per
		       strsvisx(3).

	   (If neither of -K or -V is given, both options are enabled.)

     Write mode specific options are:

	   -C	       Create new database, and truncate existing databases.

	   -D	       Allow duplicate entries in btree databases.  (Requires -R to be useful.)

	   -F insep    Input field separator string between key and value used when parsing
		       infile.	Defaults to a single space (' ').

	   -m mode     Octal mode of created database.	Defaults to '0644'.

	   -P pagesize
		       Set the page size of the table to pagesize bytes.  If set to '0', a data-
		       base-specific default is determined, based on the block-size of the under-
		       lying file-system.  Defaults to '4096'.

	   -R	       Overwrite existing entries.  If not specified, writing to an existing
		       entry raises an error.

SEE ALSO
     vis(1), btree(3), db(3), hash(3), strsvisx(3), strunvisx(3)

HISTORY
     The db command appeared in NetBSD 2.0.

AUTHORS
     Luke Mewburn <lukem@NetBSD.org>.

BSD					 January 28, 2009				      BSD


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