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shutdown(8) [mojave man page]

SHUTDOWN(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					       SHUTDOWN(8)

NAME
shutdown -- close down the system at a given time SYNOPSIS
shutdown [-] [-h [-u] | -r | -s | -k] [-o [-n]] time [warning-message ...] DESCRIPTION
The shutdown utility provides an automated shutdown procedure for super-users to nicely notify users when the system is shutting down, saving them from system administrators, hackers, and gurus, who would otherwise not bother with such niceties. The following options are available: -h The system is halted at the specified time. -k Kick everybody off. The -k option does not actually halt the system, but leaves the system multi-user with logins disabled (for all but super-user). -n If the -o is specified, prevent the file system cache from being flushed by passing -n option to halt(8) or reboot(8). This option should probably not be used. -o If -h or -r is specified, shutdown will execute halt(8) or reboot(8) instead of sending a signal to launchd(8). -r The system is rebooted at the specified time. -s The system is put to sleep at the specified time. -u The system is halted up until the point of removing system power, but waits before removing power for 5 minutes so that an external UPS (uninterruptible power supply) can forcibly remove power. This simulates a dirty shutdown to permit a later automatic power on. OS X uses this mode automatically with supported UPSs in emergency shutdowns. time Time is the time at which shutdown will bring the system down and may be the word now (indicating an immediate shutdown) or specify a future time in one of two formats: +number, or yymmddhhmm, where the year, month, and day may be defaulted to the current system val- ues. The first form brings the system down in number minutes and the second at the absolute time specified. warning-message Any other arguments comprise the warning message that is broadcast to users currently logged into the system. - If '-' is supplied as an option, the warning message is read from the standard input. At intervals, becoming more frequent as apocalypse approaches and starting at ten hours before shutdown, warning messages are displayed on the terminals of all users logged in. At shutdown time a message is written to the system log, containing the time of shutdown, the person who initiated the shutdown and the rea- son. Corresponding signal is then sent to launchd(8) to respectively halt, reboot or bring the system down to single-user state (depending on the above options). A scheduled shutdown can be canceled by killing the shutdown process (a SIGTERM should suffice). SIGTERM TO SIGKILL INTERVAL
Upon shutdown, all running processes are sent a SIGTERM followed by a SIGKILL. The SIGKILL will follow the SIGTERM by an intentionally inde- terminate period of time. Programs are expected to take only enough time to flush all dirty data and exit. Developers are encouraged to file a bug with the OS vendor, should they encounter an issue with this functionality. SEE ALSO
kill(1), login(1), wall(1), halt(8), launchd(8), reboot(8) BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY
The hours and minutes in the second time format may be separated by a colon (``:'') for backward compatibility. HISTORY
The shutdown utility appeared in 4.0BSD. BSD
December 11, 1998 BSD

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REBOOT(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 						 REBOOT(8)

NAME
halt, reboot -- stopping and restarting the system SYNOPSIS
halt [-lnqu] reboot [-lnq] DESCRIPTION
The halt and reboot utilities flush the file system cache to disk, send all running processes a SIGTERM (and subsequently a SIGKILL) and, respectively, halt or restart the system. The action is logged, including entering a shutdown record into the wtmp(5) file. When the system is halted with the halt command, the system is powered off. The options are as follows: -l The halt or reboot is not recorded in the system log. This option is intended for applications such as shutdown(8), that call reboot or halt and log this themselves. -n The file system cache is not flushed. This option should probably not be used. -q The system is halted or restarted quickly and ungracefully, and only the flushing of the file system cache is performed (if the -n option is not specified). This option should probably not be used. -u The system is halted up until the point of removing system power, but waits before removing power for 5 minutes so that an external UPS (uninterruptible power supply) can forcibly remove power. This simulates a dirty shutdown to permit a later automatic power on. OS X uses this mode automatically with supported UPSs in emergency shutdowns. Normally, the shutdown(8) utility is used when the system needs to be halted or restarted, giving users advance warning of their impending doom and cleanly terminating specific programs. SIGTERM TO SIGKILL INTERVAL
The SIGKILL will follow the SIGTERM by an intentionally indeterminate period of time. Programs are expected to take only enough time to flush all dirty data and exit. Developers are encouraged to file a bug with the OS vendor, should they encounter an issue with this func- tionality. SEE ALSO
wtmp(5), shutdown(8), sync(8) HISTORY
A reboot utility appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. BSD
June 9, 1993 BSD

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