SIGNAL(9) BSD Kernel Developer's Manual SIGNAL(9)
signal, SIGADDSET, SIGDELSET, SETEMPTYSET, SIGFILLSET, SIGISMEMBER, SIGISEMPTY, SIGNOTEMPTY, SIGSETEQ, SIGSETNEQ, SIGSETOR, SIGSETAND,
SIGSETNAND, SIGSETCANTMASK, SIG_STOPSIGMASK, SIG_CONTSIGMASK, SIGPENDING, cursig, execsigs, issignal, killproc, pgsigio, postsig, sigexit,
siginit, signotify, trapsignal -- kernel signal functions
SIGADDSET(sigset_t set, int signo);
SIGDELSET(sigset_t set, int signo);
SIGISMEMBER(sigset_t set, int signo);
SIGSETEQ(sigset_t set1, sigset_t set2);
SIGSETNEQ(sigset_t set1, sigset_t set2);
SIGSETOR(sigset_t set1, sigset_t set2);
SIGSETAND(sigset_t set1, sigset_t set2);
SIGSETNAND(sigset_t set1, sigset_t set2);
SIGPENDING(struct proc *p);
cursig(struct thread *td);
execsigs(struct proc *p);
issignal(struct thread *td);
killproc(struct proc *p, char *why);
pgsigio(struct sigio **sigiop, int sig, int checkctty);
sigexit(struct thread *td, int signum);
siginit(struct proc *p);
signotify(struct thread *td);
trapsignal(struct thread *td, int sig, u_long code);
The SIGADDSET() macro adds signo to set. No effort is made to ensure that signo is a valid signal number.
The SIGDELSET() macro removes signo from set. No effort is made to ensure that signo is a valid signal number.
The SIGEMPTYSET() macro clears all signals in set.
The SIGFILLSET() macro sets all signals in set.
The SIGISMEMBER() macro determines if signo is set in set.
The SIGISEMPTY() macro determines if set does not have any signals set.
The SIGNOTEMPTY() macro determines if set has any signals set.
The SIGSETEQ() macro determines if two signal sets are equal; that is, the same signals are set in both.
The SIGSETNEQ() macro determines if two signal sets differ; that is, if any signal set in one is not set in the other.
The SIGSETOR() macro ORs the signals set in set2 into set1.
The SIGSETAND() macro ANDs the signals set in set2 into set1.
The SIGSETNAND() macro NANDs the signals set in set2 into set1.
The SIG_CANTMASK() macro clears the SIGKILL and SIGSTOP signals from set. These two signals cannot be blocked or caught and SIG_CANTMASK()
is used in code where signals are manipulated to ensure this policy is enforced.
The SIG_STOPSIGMASK() macro clears the SIGSTOP, SIGTSTP, SIGTTIN, and SIGTTOU signals from set. SIG_STOPSIGMASK() is used to clear stop sig-
nals when a process is waiting for a child to exit or exec, and when a process is continuing after having been suspended.
The SIG_CONTSIGMASK() macro clears the SIGCONT signal from set. SIG_CONTSIGMASK() is called when a process is stopped.
The SIGPENDING() macro determines if the given process has any pending signals that are not masked. If the process has a pending signal and
the process is currently being traced, SIGPENDING() will return true even if the signal is masked.
The cursig() function returns the signal number that should be delivered to process td->td_proc. If there are no signals pending, zero is
The execsigs() function resets the signal set and signal stack of a process in preparation for an execve(2). The lock for p must be held
before execsigs() is called.
The issignal() function determines if there are any pending signals for process td->td_proc that should be caught, or cause this process to
terminate or interrupt its current system call. If process td->td_proc is currently being traced, ignored signals will be handled and the
process is always stopped. Stop signals are handled and cleared right away by issignal() unless the process is a member of an orphaned
process group and the stop signal originated from a TTY. The sched_lock lock may be acquired and released, and if Giant is held, it may be
released and reacquired. The sigacts structure td->td_proc->p_sigacts must be locked before calling issignal() and may be released and reac-
quired during the call. The process lock for td->td_proc must be acquired before calling issignal() and may be released and reacquired dur-
ing the call. The lock for the parent of td->td_proc may also be acquired and released. Default signal actions are not taken for system
processes and init.
The killproc() function delivers SIGKILL to p. why is logged as the reason why the process was killed.
The pgsigio() function sends the signal sig to the process or process group sigiop->sio_pgid. If checkctty is non-zero, the signal is only
delivered to processes in the process group that have a controlling terminal. If sigiop->sio_pgid is for a process (> 0), the lock for
sigiop->sio_proc is acquired and released. If sigiop->sio_pgid is for a process group (< 0), the process group lock for sigiop->sio_pgrp is
acquired and released. The lock sigio_lock is acquired and released.
The postsig() function handles the actual delivery of the signal sig. postsig() is called from ast() after the kernel has been notified that
a signal should be delivered (via a call to signotify(), which causes the flag PS_NEEDSIGCHK to be set). The lock for process that owns
curthread must be held before postsig() is called, and the current process cannot be 0. The lock for the p_sigacts field of the current
process must be held before postsig() is called, and may be released and reacquired.
The sigexit() function causes the process that owns td to exit with a return value of signal number sig. If required, the process will dump
core. The lock for the process that owns td must be held before sigexit() is called.
The siginit() function is called during system initialization to cause every signal with a default property of SA_IGNORE (except SIGCONT) to
be ignored by p. The process lock for p is acquired and released by siginit(). The only process that siginit() is ever called for is proc0.
The signotify() function flags that there are unmasked signals pending that ast() should handle. The lock for process td->td_proc must be
held before signotify() is called, and sched_lock is acquired and released.
The trapsignal() function sends a signal that is the result of a trap to process td->td_proc. If the process is not being traced and the
signal can be delivered immediately, trapsignal() will deliver it directly; otherwise, trapsignal() will call psignal(9) to cause the signal
to be delivered. The sched_lock lock is acquired and released, as is the lock for td->td_proc. The lock for the p_sigacts field of
td->td_proc is acquired and released.
The SIGISMEMBER(), SIGISEMPTY(), SIGNOTEMPTY(), SIGSETEQ(), SIGSETNEQ(), and SIGPENDING() macros all return non-zero (true) if the condition
they are checking is found to be true; otherwise, zero (false) is returned.
The cursig() function returns either a valid signal number or zero.
issignal() returns either a valid signal number or zero.
gsignal(9), pgsignal(9), psignal(9)
This manual page was written by Chad David <davidc@FreeBSD.org>.
November 20, 2004 BSD