SUDOREPLAY(8) BSD System Manager's Manual SUDOREPLAY(8)
sudoreplay -- replay sudo session logs
sudoreplay [-hnR] [-d dir] [-f filter] [-m num] [-s num] ID
sudoreplay [-h] [-d dir] -l [search expression]
sudoreplay plays back or lists the output logs created by sudo. When replaying, sudoreplay can play the session back in real-time, or the
playback speed may be adjusted (faster or slower) based on the command line options.
The ID should either be a six character sequence of digits and upper case letters, e.g. 0100A5, or a pattern matching the iolog_file option
in the sudoers file. When a command is run via sudo with log_output enabled in the sudoers file, a TSID=ID string is logged via syslog or to
the sudo log file. The ID may also be determined using sudoreplay's list mode.
In list mode, sudoreplay can be used to find the ID of a session based on a number of criteria such as the user, tty or command run.
In replay mode, if the standard input and output are connected to a terminal and the -n option is not specified, sudoreplay will operate
interactively. In interactive mode, sudoreplay will attempt to adjust the terminal size to match that of the session and write directly to
the terminal (not all terminals support this). Additionally, it will poll the keyboard and act on the following keys:
' or '
' Skip to the next replay event; useful for long pauses.
' ' (space) Pause output; press any key to resume.
'<' Reduce the playback speed by one half.
'>' Double the playback speed.
The session can be interrupted via control-C. When the session has finished, the terminal is restored to its original size if it was changed
The options are as follows:
-d dir, --directory=dir
Store session logs in dir instead of the default, /var/log/sudo-io.
-f filter, --filter=filter
Select which I/O type(s) to display. By default, sudoreplay will display the command's standard output, standard error and tty
output. The filter argument is a comma-separated list, consisting of one or more of following: stdin, stdout, stderr, ttyin, and
-h, --help Display a short help message to the standard output and exit.
-l, --list [search expression]
Enable ``list mode''. In this mode, sudoreplay will list available sessions in a format similar to the sudo log file format,
sorted by file name (or sequence number). If a search expression is specified, it will be used to restrict the IDs that are dis-
played. An expression is composed of the following predicates:
Evaluates to true if the command run matches the POSIX extended regular expression pattern.
Evaluates to true if the command was run with the specified current working directory.
Evaluates to true if the command was run on or after date. See Date and time format for a description of supported date
and time formats.
Evaluates to true if the command was run with the specified runas_group. Note that unless a runas_group was explicitly
specified when sudo was run this field will be empty in the log.
Evaluates to true if the command was run as the specified runas_user. Note that sudo runs commands as user root by
Evaluates to true if the command was run on or prior to date. See Date and time format for a description of supported
date and time formats.
tty tty name
Evaluates to true if the command was run on the specified terminal device. The tty name should be specified without the
/dev/ prefix, e.g. tty01 instead of /dev/tty01.
user user name
Evaluates to true if the ID matches a command run by user name.
Predicates may be abbreviated to the shortest unique string.
Predicates may be combined using and, or and ! operators as well as '(' and ')' grouping (note that parentheses must generally be
escaped from the shell). The and operator is optional, adjacent predicates have an implied and unless separated by an or.
-m, --max-wait max_wait
Specify an upper bound on how long to wait between key presses or output data. By default, sudoreplay will accurately reproduce
the delays between key presses or program output. However, this can be tedious when the session includes long pauses. When the
-m option is specified, sudoreplay will limit these pauses to at most max_wait seconds. The value may be specified as a floating
point number, e.g. 2.5.
Do not prompt for user input or attempt to resize the terminal. The session is written to the standard output, not directly to
the user's terminal.
Do not attempt to resize the terminal to match the terminal size of the session.
-s, --speed speed_factor
This option causes sudoreplay to adjust the number of seconds it will wait between key presses or program output. This can be
used to slow down or speed up the display. For example, a speed_factor of 2 would make the output twice as fast whereas a
speed_factor of .5 would make the output twice as slow.
Print the sudoreplay versions version number and exit.
Date and time format
The time and date may be specified multiple ways, common formats include:
HH:MM:SS am MM/DD/CCYY timezone
24 hour time may be used in place of am/pm.
HH:MM:SS am Month, Day Year timezone
24 hour time may be used in place of am/pm, and month and day names may be abbreviated. Note that month and day of the week names
must be specified in English.
ISO time format
DD Month CCYY HH:MM:SS
The month name may be abbreviated.
Either time or date may be omitted, the am/pm and timezone are optional. If no date is specified, the current day is assumed; if no time is
specified, the first second of the specified date is used. The less significant parts of both time and date may also be omitted, in which
case zero is assumed.
The following are all valid time and date specifications:
now The current time and date.
Exactly one day from now.
24 hours ago.
2 hours ago
2 hours ago.
The first second of the Friday in the next (upcoming) week. Not to be confused with ``this Friday'' which would match the Friday of
the current week.
The current time but 7 days ago. This is equivalent to ``a week ago''.
a fortnight ago
The current time but 14 days ago.
10:01 am 9/17/2009
10:01 am, September 17, 2009.
10:01 am on the current day.
10 10:00 am on the current day.
00:00 am, September 17, 2009.
10:01 am Sep 17, 2009
10:01 am, September 17, 2009.
Note that relative time specifications do not always work as expected. For example, the ``next'' qualifier is intended to be used in con-
junction with a day such as ``next Monday''. When used with units of weeks, months, years, etc the result will be one more than expected.
For example, ``next week'' will result in a time exactly two weeks from now, which is probably not what was intended. This will be addressed
in a future version of sudoreplay.
sudoreplay versions 1.8.4 and higher support a flexible debugging framework that is configured via Debug lines in the sudo.conf(5) file.
For more information on configuring sudo.conf(5), please refer to its manual.
/etc/sudo.conf Debugging framework configuration
/var/log/sudo-io The default I/O log directory.
Example session log info.
Example session standard input log.
Example session standard output log.
Example session standard error log.
Example session tty input file.
Example session tty output file.
Example session timing file.
Note that the stdin, stdout and stderr files will be empty unless sudo was used as part of a pipeline for a particular command.
List sessions run by user millert:
# sudoreplay -l user millert
List sessions run by user bob with a command containing the string vi:
# sudoreplay -l user bob command vi
List sessions run by user jeff that match a regular expression:
# sudoreplay -l user jeff command '/bin/[a-z]*sh'
List sessions run by jeff or bob on the console:
# sudoreplay -l ( user jeff or user bob ) tty console
script(1), sudo.conf(5), sudo(8)
Many people have worked on sudo over the years; this version consists of code written primarily by:
Todd C. Miller
See the CONTRIBUTORS file in the sudo distribution (https://www.sudo.ws/contributors.html) for an exhaustive list of people who have contrib-
uted to sudo.
If you feel you have found a bug in sudoreplay, please submit a bug report at https://bugzilla.sudo.ws/
Limited free support is available via the sudo-users mailing list, see https://www.sudo.ws/mailman/listinfo/sudo-users to subscribe or search
sudoreplay is provided ``AS IS'' and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of mer-
chantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. See the LICENSE file distributed with sudo or
https://www.sudo.ws/license.html for complete details.
Sudo 1.8.21p2 July 13, 2017 Sudo 1.8.21p2