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gcvt(3) [minix man page]

GCVT(3)                                                      Linux Programmer's Manual                                                     GCVT(3)

NAME
gcvt - convert a floating-point number to a string SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> char *gcvt(double number, int ndigit, char *buf); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): gcvt(): Since glibc 2.12: (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500) ! (_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L) || /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE Before glibc 2.12: _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 DESCRIPTION
The gcvt() function converts number to a minimal length null-terminated ASCII string and stores the result in buf. It produces ndigit sig- nificant digits in either printf(3) F format or E format. RETURN VALUE
The gcvt() function returns the address of the string pointed to by buf. ATTRIBUTES
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). +----------+---------------+---------+ |Interface | Attribute | Value | +----------+---------------+---------+ |gcvt() | Thread safety | MT-Safe | +----------+---------------+---------+ CONFORMING TO
Marked as LEGACY in POSIX.1-2001. POSIX.1-2008 removes the specification of gcvt(), recommending the use of sprintf(3) instead (though snprintf(3) may be preferable). SEE ALSO
ecvt(3), fcvt(3), sprintf(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2017-09-15 GCVT(3)

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ECVT(3) 						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						   ECVT(3)

NAME
ecvt, fcvt, gcvt -- convert double to ASCII string SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> char * ecvt(double value, int ndigit, int * restrict decpt, int * restrict sign); char * fcvt(double value, int ndigit, int * restrict decpt, int * restrict sign); char * gcvt(double value, int ndigit, char *buf); DESCRIPTION
These functions are provided for compatibility with legacy code. New code should use the snprintf(3) function for improved safety and porta- bility. The ecvt(), fcvt() and gcvt() functions convert the double precision floating-point number value to a NUL-terminated ASCII string. The ecvt() function converts value to a NUL-terminated string of exactly ndigit digits and returns a pointer to that string. The result is padded with zeroes from left to right as needed. There are no leading zeroes unless value itself is 0. The least significant digit is rounded in an implementation-dependent manner. The position of the decimal point relative to the beginning of the string is stored in decpt. A negative value indicates that the decimal point is located to the left of the returned digits (this occurs when there is no whole number component to value). If value is zero, it is unspecified whether the integer pointed to by decpt will be 0 or 1. The decimal point itself is not included in the returned string. If the sign of the result is negative, the integer pointed to by sign is non-zero; otherwise, it is 0. If the converted value is out of range or is not representable, the contents of the returned string are unspecified. The fcvt() function is identical to ecvt() with the exception that ndigit specifies the number of digits after the decimal point (zero-padded as needed). The gcvt() function converts value to a NUL-terminated string similar to the %g printf(3) format specifier and stores the result in buf. It produces ndigit significant digits similar to the %f printf(3) format specifier where possible. If ndigit does allow sufficient precision, the result is stored in exponential notation similar to the %e printf(3) format specifier. If value is less than zero, buf will be prefixed with a minus sign. A decimal point is included in the returned string if value is not a whole number. Unlike the ecvt() and fcvt() func- tions, buf is not zero-padded. RETURN VALUES
The ecvt(), fcvt() and gcvt() functions return a NUL-terminated string representation of value. WARNINGS
The ecvt() and fcvt() functions return a pointer to internal storage space that will be overwritten by subsequent calls to either function. The maximum possible precision of the return value is limited by the precision of a double and may not be the same on all architectures. The snprintf(3) function is preferred over these functions for new code. SEE ALSO
printf(3), strtod(3) STANDARDS
The ecvt(), fcvt() and gcvt() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1''). BSD
May 31, 2007 BSD
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