RCSMERGE(1) General Commands Manual RCSMERGE(1)
rcsmerge - merge RCS revisions
rcsmerge [options] file
rcsmerge incorporates the changes between two revisions of an RCS file into the corresponding working file.
Filenames matching an RCS suffix denote RCS files; all others denote working files. Names are paired as explained in ci(1).
At least one revision must be specified with one of the options described below, usually -r. At most two revisions may be specified. If
only one revision is specified, the latest revision on the default branch (normally the highest branch on the trunk) is assumed for the
second revision. Revisions may be specified numerically or symbolically.
rcsmerge prints a warning if there are overlaps, and delimits the overlapping regions as explained in merge(1). The command is useful for
incorporating changes into a checked-out revision.
-A Output conflicts using the -A style of diff3(1), if supported by diff3. This merges all changes leading from file2 to file3 into
file1, and generates the most verbose output.
-E, -e These options specify conflict styles that generate less information than -A. See diff3(1) for details. The default is -E. With
-e, rcsmerge does not warn about conflicts.
Use subst style keyword substitution. See co(1) for details. For example, -kk -r1.1 -r1.2 ignores differences in keyword values
when merging the changes from 1.1 to 1.2. It normally does not make sense to merge binary files as if they were text, so rcsmerge
refuses to merge files if -kb expansion is used.
Send the result to standard output instead of overwriting the working file.
Run quietly; do not print diagnostics.
Merge with respect to revision rev. Here an empty rev stands for the latest revision on the default branch, normally the head.
-T This option has no effect; it is present for compatibility with other RCS commands.
-V Print RCS's version number.
-Vn Emulate RCS version n. See co(1) for details.
Use suffixes to characterize RCS files. See ci(1) for details.
-zzone Use zone as the time zone for keyword substitution. See co(1) for details.
Suppose you have released revision 2.8 of f.c. Assume furthermore that after you complete an unreleased revision 3.4, you receive updates
to release 2.8 from someone else. To combine the updates to 2.8 and your changes between 2.8 and 3.4, put the updates to 2.8 into file f.c
rcsmerge -p -r2.8 -r3.4 f.c >f.merged.c
Then examine f.merged.c. Alternatively, if you want to save the updates to 2.8 in the RCS file, check them in as revision 18.104.22.168 and exe-
cute co -j:
ci -r22.214.171.124 f.c
co -r3.4 -j2.8:126.96.36.199 f.c
As another example, the following command undoes the changes between revision 2.4 and 2.8 in your currently checked out revision in f.c.
rcsmerge -r2.8 -r2.4 f.c
Note the order of the arguments, and that f.c will be overwritten.
Options prepended to the argument list, separated by spaces. A backslash escapes spaces within an option. The RCSINIT options are
prepended to the argument lists of most RCS commands. Useful RCSINIT options include -q, -V, -x, and -z.
An integer lim, measured in kilobytes, specifying the threshold under which commands will try to use memory-based operations for
processing the RCS file. (For RCS files of size lim kilobytes or greater, RCS will use the slower standard input/output routines.)
Default value is 256.
TMPDIR Name of the temporary directory. If not set, the environment variables TMP and TEMP are inspected instead and the first value found
is taken; if none of them are set, a host-dependent default is used, typically /tmp.
Exit status is 0 for no overlaps, 1 for some overlaps, 2 for trouble.
Author: Walter F. Tichy.
Manual Page Revision: 5.8.1; Release Date: 2012-06-06.
Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Thien-Thi Nguyen.
Copyright (C) 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 Paul Eggert.
Copyright (C) 1982, 1988, 1989 Walter F. Tichy.
ci(1), co(1), ident(1), merge(1), rcs(1), rcsdiff(1), rlog(1), rcsfile(5).
Walter F. Tichy, RCS--A System for Version Control, Software--Practice & Experience 15, 7 (July 1985), 637-654.
GNU RCS 5.8.1 2012-06-06 RCSMERGE(1)