Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

paste(1) [minix man page]

PASTE(1)						      General Commands Manual							  PASTE(1)

paste - paste multiple files together SYNOPSIS
paste [-s] [-d list] file... OPTIONS
-d Set delimiter used to separate columns to list. -s Print files sequentially, file k on line k. EXAMPLES
paste file1 file2 # Print file1 in col 1, file2 in col 2 paste -s f1 f2 # Print f1 on line 1 and f2 on line 2 paste -d : file1 file2 # Print the lines separated by a colon DESCRIPTION
Paste concatenates corresponding lines of the given input files and writes them to standard output. The lines of the different files are separated by the delimiters given with the option -s. If no list is given, a tab is substituted for every linefeed, except the last one. If end-of-file is hit on an input file, subsequent lines are empty. Suppose a set of k files each has one word per line. Then the paste output will have k columns, with the contents of file j in column j. If the -s flag is given, then the first file is on line 1, the second file on line 2, etc. In effect, -s turns the output sideways. If a list of delimiters is given, they are used in turn. The C escape sequences , , \, and are used for linefeed, tab, backslash, and the null string, respectively. PASTE(1)

Check Out this Related Man Page

PASTE(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						  PASTE(1)

paste -- merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files SYNOPSIS
paste [-s] [-d list] file ... DESCRIPTION
The paste utility concatenates the corresponding lines of the given input files, replacing all but the last file's newline characters with a single tab character, and writes the resulting lines to standard output. If end-of-file is reached on an input file while other input files still contain data, the file is treated as if it were an endless source of empty lines. The options are as follows: -d list Use one or more of the provided characters to replace the newline characters instead of the default tab. The characters in list are used circularly, i.e., when list is exhausted the first character from list is reused. This continues until a line from the last input file (in default operation) or the last line in each file (using the -s option) is displayed, at which time paste begins selecting characters from the beginning of list again. The following special characters can also be used in list: newline character tab character \ backslash character Empty string (not a null character). Any other character preceded by a backslash is equivalent to the character itself. -s Concatenate all of the lines of each separate input file in command line order. The newline character of every line except the last line in each input file is replaced with the tab character, unless otherwise specified by the -d option. If '-' is specified for one or more of the input files, the standard input is used; standard input is read one line at a time, circularly, for each instance of '-'. EXIT STATUS
The paste utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. EXAMPLES
List the files in the current directory in three columns: ls | paste - - - Combine pairs of lines from a file into single lines: paste -s -d ' ' myfile Number the lines in a file, similar to nl(1): sed = myfile | paste -s -d ' ' - - Create a colon-separated list of directories named bin, suitable for use in the PATH environment variable: find / -name bin -type d | paste -s -d : - SEE ALSO
cut(1), lam(1) STANDARDS
The paste utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') compatible. HISTORY
A paste command appeared in Version 32V AT&T UNIX. BSD
June 25, 2004 BSD
Man Page

15 More Discussions You Might Find Interesting

1. Shell Programming and Scripting

AWK program

Hi all, I have the following problem and hope someone could help me. I have 184 files, each with 5 columns (c1, c2, c3, c4, c5). I am only interrested in column 5, and would like to paste column 5 from all the 184 files into one file. I have tried the following with two files awk... (20 Replies)
Discussion started by: awkliker
20 Replies

2. Shell Programming and Scripting

Direct the invalid lines to a separate files

Hi, I have a pipe delimited file with 1 million records. I need to validate each line by counting the number of delimiters, if any line fails to have the specified number of delimiters, taat line has to be sent to a reject file. Kindly suggest. if code provided, it is highly appreciated, and... (22 Replies)
Discussion started by: anandapani
22 Replies

3. Shell Programming and Scripting

Merging columns from multiple files

Hello, I have a number of tab delimited data files consists of two columns. Like that: File1 800.000000 0.002744 799.000000 0.002517 798.000000 0.002836 797.000000 0.002553 FIle2 800.000000 0.000261 799.000000 0.000001 798.000000 0.000551 797.000000 0.000275 File3... (19 Replies)
Discussion started by: erden
19 Replies

4. Shell Programming and Scripting

Challenging Awk array problem

Hi, I rather have a very complicated awk problem here, at least to me. I have two files. File 1: 607 687 174 0 0 chr1 3000001 3000156 -194195276 - L1_Mur2 LINE L1 -4310 1567 1413 1 607 917 214 114 45 chr1 3000237 ... (19 Replies)
Discussion started by: polsum
19 Replies

5. Shell Programming and Scripting

Match data based on two fields, and append to a line

I need to write a program to do something like a 'vlookup' in excel. I want to match data from file2 based on two fields (where both match) in file1, and for matching lines, add the data from two of the fields from file2 to file1. If anyone knows something in perl or awk that can do this, I'd be... (20 Replies)
Discussion started by: jamessmith01
20 Replies

6. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

Find a file that could have different endings

Hello all. Hope you can help. I am looking for a complete command to search for a file named HOSPCHK. The file could be listed with numbers after it like it could be listed with letters after it or a combination of both or just by it self. The other catch is the file that I want to look for... (27 Replies)
Discussion started by: azapp51
27 Replies

7. Shell Programming and Scripting

Extract columns where header matches a given string

Hi, I'm having trouble pulling out columns where the headers match a file of key ID's I'm interested in and was looking for some help. file1.txt I Name 34 56 84 350 790 1215 1919 7606 9420 file2.txt I Name 1 1 2 2 3 3 ... 34 34... 56 56... 84 84... 350 350... M 1 A A A A... (20 Replies)
Discussion started by: flotsam
20 Replies

8. Shell Programming and Scripting

Using columns from 2 files and extracting string

Hi All, I have 2 files with a common column. File 1 looks like NAME START POS1 POS2 N1 1234 1236 1237 N2 1245 1248 1250 .. .. File 2 looks like NAME STRING N1 ABCDEFGH N2 EFGHBCD N3 PQRSSTUV .. ...... ... (25 Replies)
Discussion started by: alpesh
25 Replies

9. Shell Programming and Scripting

Copy some line and paste it after some line in same file

Hi, I want to know how I can copy line 6th to 10th and paste it after 17th line in same file. Thanks, Biplab (19 Replies)
Discussion started by: Biplab
19 Replies

10. Shell Programming and Scripting

How to check the number of columns in a line??

hi, i have a file with many records and each record may or may not have 6 columns. for example file1 : first second third fourth fifth sixth first second third fourth fifth first second third fourth fifth sixth first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eigth if i cat the file and... (21 Replies)
Discussion started by: Little
21 Replies

11. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

[Solved] Replace the second pattern alone in VI.

I have lines like: table10 table_name_10 table10 table_name_10 table20 table_name_20 table20 table_name_20 table30 table_name_30 table30 table_name_30 I want to change the second "table_names" in all lines to test_table_name. Required output would be: table10 table_name_10 table10... (19 Replies)
Discussion started by: gctex
19 Replies

12. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

Intersection by specific columns

Hi, I'd like to intersect two files by the 4th col of the first file and 6th col of the second file. This is the code I use: awk 'NR==FNR{A;next}$6 File1 File2 However, this is only outputting the second file lines. I'd like to have both lines in a single line separated by a tab. Thanks in... (25 Replies)
Discussion started by: a_bahreini
25 Replies

13. Shell Programming and Scripting

How to cut a pipe delimited file and paste it with another file to form a comma separated outputfile

Hello ppl I have a requirement to split (cut in unix) a file (A.txt) which is a pipe delimited file into A1.txt and A2.txt Now I have to join (paste in unix) this A2.txt with external file A3.txt to form output file A4.txt which should be CSV (comma separated file) so that third party can... (25 Replies)
Discussion started by: etldev
25 Replies

14. UNIX for Beginners Questions & Answers

How to copy a column of multiple files and paste into new excel file (next to column)?

I have data of an excel files as given below, file1 org1_1 1 1 2.5 100 org1_2 1 2 5.5 98 org1_3 1 3 7.2 88 file2 org2_1 1 1 2.5 100 org2_2 1 2 5.5 56 org2_3 1 3 7.2 70 I have multiple excel files as above shown. I have to copy column 1, column 4 and paste into a new excel file as... (26 Replies)
Discussion started by: dineshkumarsrk
26 Replies

15. UNIX for Beginners Questions & Answers

How to make paste -d second file print down while looping?

]I would like to make the second file label 'b' print down the first file label 'a', like shifting down the file creating new lines I want it to print all the way down until the first line of the second file hit the last line of the first file. Would I have to put this into a file itself or could I... (24 Replies)
Discussion started by: bigvito19
24 Replies