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fsck(1) [minix man page]

FSCK(1) 						      General Commands Manual							   FSCK(1)

fsck, fsck1 - perform file system consistency check SYNOPSIS
fsck [-aclmrs] [device] ... OPTIONS
-a Automatically repair inconsistencies -c Check and list only the specified i-nodes -l List the files and directories in the filesytem -r Prompt user for repairs if inconsistencies are found -s List the superblock of the file system EXAMPLES
fsck /dev/hd4 # Check file system on /dev/hd4 fsck -a /dev/at0 # Automatically fix errors on /dev/at0 fsck -l /dev/fd0 # List the contents of /dev/fd0 fsck -c 2 3 /dev/hd3 # Check and list /dev/hd3 i-nodes 2 & 3 DESCRIPTION
Fsck performs consistency checks on the file systems which reside on the specified devices. Fsck1 is an alternate version for use on obso- lete V1 file systems. When either the -a or -r flags are given, the file system will be repaired if errors are found. Before running fsck on a mounted file system, it must first be unmounted. Trying to repair a mounted file system is dangerous and should not be attempted. To repair the root file system (which cannot be unmounted), first type CTRL-F9 at the console to kill any and all processes. Log back in as root, type sync to force any buffered changes to disk, run fsck on the root file system and immediately reboot the computer by typing reboot. It is necessary to kill all processes before repairing the root file system to prevent them from modifying any disk blocks while fsck is running. This is only necessary for the root file system, any other file system can simply be unmounted before it is checked. SEE ALSO
mkfs(1), mount(1). FSCK(1)

Check Out this Related Man Page

SYSTEMD-FSCK@.SERVICE(8)                                       systemd-fsck@.service                                      SYSTEMD-FSCK@.SERVICE(8)

systemd-fsck@.service, systemd-fsck-root.service, systemd-fsck - File system checker logic SYNOPSIS
systemd-fsck@.service systemd-fsck-root.service /lib/systemd/systemd-fsck DESCRIPTION
systemd-fsck@.service and systemd-fsck-root.service are services responsible for file system checks. They are instantiated for each device that is configured for file system checking. systemd-fsck-root.service is responsible for file system checks on the root file system, but only if the root filesystem was not checked in the initramfs. systemd-fsck@.service is used for all other file systems and for the root file system in the initramfs. These services are started at boot if passno in /etc/fstab for the file system is set to a value greater than zero. The file system check for root is performed before the other file systems. Other file systems may be checked in parallel, except when they are on the same rotating disk. systemd-fsck does not know any details about specific filesystems, and simply executes file system checkers specific to each filesystem type (/sbin/fsck.*). This helper will decide if the filesystem should actually be checked based on the time since last check, number of mounts, unclean unmount, etc. If a file system check fails for a service without nofail, emergency mode is activated, by isolating to KERNEL COMMAND LINE
systemd-fsck understands these kernel command line parameters: fsck.mode= One of "auto", "force", "skip". Controls the mode of operation. The default is "auto", and ensures that file system checks are done when the file system checker deems them necessary. "force" unconditionally results in full file system checks. "skip" skips any file system checks. One of "preen", "yes", "no". Controls the mode of operation. The default is "preen", and will automatically repair problems that can be safely fixed. "yes" will answer yes to all questions by fsck and "no" will answer no to all questions. SEE ALSO
systemd(1), fsck(8), systemd-quotacheck.service(8), fsck.btrfs(8), fsck.cramfs(8), fsck.ext4(8), fsck.fat(8), fsck.hfsplus(8), fsck.minix(8), fsck.ntfs(8), fsck.xfs(8) systemd 237 SYSTEMD-FSCK@.SERVICE(8)
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