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locale-gen(8) [linux man page]

LOCALE-GEN(8)						      System Manager's Manual						     LOCALE-GEN(8)

locale-gen - compile a list of locale definition files SYNOPSIS
locale-gen [options] [locale] [language] ... DESCRIPTION
Compiled locale files take about 50MB of disk space, and most users only need few locales. In order to save disk space, compiled locale files are not distributed in the locales package, but selected locales are automatically generated when this package is installed by run- ning the locale-gen program. If a list of languages and/or locales is specified as arguments, then locale-gen only generates these particular locales and adds the new ones to /var/lib/locales/supported.d/local. Otherwise it generates all supported locales. Locale data files can be stored either in a single archive file, /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive, or in a deep tree where individual files are stored under /usr/lib/locale/<locale_name>/LC_*. But unlike the locales package, compiled locale definitions are not removed when run- ning locale-gen, and locales are compiled again only if locale source files have changed. OPTIONS
These options override settings found in /etc/belocs/locale-gen.conf. --help Display an help message and exit. --purge Remove all existing locales before processing. --no-purge Do not remove existing locales before processing. --archive When this option is set, locale data are stored in a single archive /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive. --no-archive When this option is set, locale data are stored in /usr/lib/locale/<locale_name>/LC_* files. This is the default. --aliases=FILE Locale aliases are read from FILE. FILES
/var/lib/locales/supported.d/* List all locales to generate. File format is similar to /usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED. /etc/belocs/locale-gen.conf Customize how compiled locale files are stored onto disk. /usr/lib/locale/<locale_name>/LC_* Compiled locale data. /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive Generated archive containing compiled locale data, if --archive flag is set. /var/lib/belocs Directory used to keep track of changes in locale source files. SEE ALSO
localedef(1), locale(1), locale-gen.conf(5). AUTHOR
The locale-gen program was originally written by Debian GNU libc maintainers, and has been improved by Denis Barbier <> for the belocs-locales-bin package. This manual page has been rewritten from scratch to document the current behavior. Debian GNU/Linux March 2005 LOCALE-GEN(8)

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LOCALE(1)                                                        Linux User Manual                                                       LOCALE(1)

locale - get locale-specific information SYNOPSIS
locale [option] locale [option] -a locale [option] -m locale [option] name... DESCRIPTION
The locale command displays information about the current locale, or all locales, on standard output. When invoked without arguments, locale displays the current locale settings for each locale category (see locale(5)), based on the settings of the environment variables that control the locale (see locale(7)). Values for variables set in the environment are printed without dou- ble quotes, implied values are printed with double quotes. If either the -a or the -m option (or one of their long-format equivalents) is specified, the behavior is as follows: -a, --all-locales Display a list of all available locales. The -v option causes the LC_IDENTIFICATION metadata about each locale to be included in the output. -m, --charmaps Display the available charmaps (character set description files). To display the current character set for the locale, use locale -c charmap. The locale command can also be provided with one or more arguments, which are the names of locale keywords (for example, date_fmt, ctype- class-names, yesexpr, or decimal_point) or locale categories (for example, LC_CTYPE or LC_TIME). For each argument, the following is dis- played: * For a locale keyword, the value of that keyword to be displayed. * For a locale category, the values of all keywords in that category are displayed. When arguments are supplied, the following options are meaningful: -c, --category-name For a category name argument, write the name of the locale category on a separate line preceding the list of keyword values for that category. For a keyword name argument, write the name of the locale category for this keyword on a separate line preceding the keyword value. This option improves readability when multiple name arguments are specified. It can be combined with the -k option. -k, --keyword-name For each keyword whose value is being displayed, include also the name of that keyword, so that the output has the format: keyword="value" The locale command also knows about the following options: -v, --verbose Display additional information for some command-line option and argument combinations. -?, --help Display a summary of command-line options and arguments and exit. --usage Display a short usage message and exit. -V, --version Display the program version and exit. FILES
/usr/lib/locale/locale-archive Usual default locale archive location. /usr/share/i18n/locales Usual default path for locale definition files. CONFORMING TO
POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008. EXAMPLE
$ locale LANG=en_US.UTF-8 LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8" LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8" LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8" LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8" LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8" LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8" LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8" LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8" LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8" LC_ALL= $ locale date_fmt %a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y $ locale -k date_fmt date_fmt="%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y" $ locale -ck date_fmt LC_TIME date_fmt="%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y" $ locale LC_TELEPHONE +%c (%a) %l (%a) %l 11 1 UTF-8 $ locale -k LC_TELEPHONE tel_int_fmt="+%c (%a) %l" tel_dom_fmt="(%a) %l" int_select="11" int_prefix="1" telephone-codeset="UTF-8" The following example compiles a custom locale from the ./wrk directory with the localedef(1) utility under the $HOME/.locale directory, then tests the result with the date(1) command, and then sets the environment variables LOCPATH and LANG in the shell profile file so that the custom locale will be used in the subsequent user sessions: $ mkdir -p $HOME/.locale $ I18NPATH=./wrk/ localedef -f UTF-8 -i fi_SE $HOME/.locale/fi_SE.UTF-8 $ LOCPATH=$HOME/.locale LC_ALL=fi_SE.UTF-8 date $ echo "export LOCPATH=$HOME/.locale" >> $HOME/.bashrc $ echo "export LANG=fi_SE.UTF-8" >> $HOME/.bashrc SEE ALSO
localedef(1), charmap(5), locale(5), locale(7) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at Linux 2017-09-15 LOCALE(1)

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