UDPLITE(7) Linux Programmer's Manual UDPLITE(7)
udplite - Lightweight User Datagram Protocol
sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDPLITE);
This is an implementation of the Lightweight User Datagram Protocol (UDP-Lite), as
described in RFC 3828.
UDP-Lite is an extension of UDP (RFC 768) to support variable-length checksums. This has
advantages for some types of multimedia transport that may be able to make use of slightly
damaged datagrams, rather than having them discarded by lower-layer protocols.
The variable-length checksum coverage is set via a setsockopt(2) option. If this option
is not set, the only difference to UDP is in using a different IP protocol identifier
(IANA number 136).
The UDP-Lite implementation is a full extension of udp(7), i.e., it shares the same API
and API behaviour, and in addition offers two socket options to control the checksum cov-
UDP-Litev4 uses the sockaddr_in address format described in ip(7). UDP-Litev6 uses the
sockaddr_in6 address format described in ipv6(7).
To set or get a UDP-Lite socket option, call getsockopt(2) to read or setsockopt(2) to
write the option with the option level argument set to IPPROTO_UDPLITE. In addition, all
IPPROTO_UDP socket options are valid on a UDP-Lite socket. See udp(7) for more informa-
The following two options are specific to UDP-Lite.
This option sets the sender checksum coverage and takes an int as argument, with a
checksum coverage value in the range 0..2^16-1.
A value of 0 means that the entire datagram is always covered. Values from 1-7 are
illegal (RFC 3828, 3.1) and are rounded up to the minimum coverage of 8.
With regard to IPv6 jumbograms (RFC 2675), the UDP-Litev6 checksum coverage is lim-
ited to the first 2^16-1 octets, as per RFC 3828, 3.5. Higher values are therefore
silently truncated to 2^16-1. If in doubt, the current coverage value can always
be queried using getsockopt(2).
This is the receiver-side analogue and uses the same argument format and value
range as UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV. This option is not required to enable traffic with
partial checksum coverage. Its function is that of a traffic filter: when enabled,
it instructs the kernel to drop all packets which have a coverage less than the
specified coverage value.
When the value of UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV exceeds the actual packet coverage, incoming
packets are silently dropped, but may generate a warning message in the system log.
All errors documented for udp(7) may be returned. UDP-Lite does not add further errors.
/proc/net/snmp - basic UDP-Litev4 statistics counters.
/proc/net/snmp6 - basic UDP-Litev6 statistics counters.
UDP-Litev4/v6 first appeared in Linux 2.6.20.
Where glibc support is missing, the following definitions are needed:
#define IPPROTO_UDPLITE 136
#define UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV 10
#define UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV 11
ip(7), ipv6(7), socket(7), udp(7)
RFC 3828 for the Lightweight User Datagram Protocol (UDP-Lite).
Documentation/networking/udplite.txt in the Linux kernel source tree
This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the
project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at
Linux 2008-12-03 UDPLITE(7)