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Linux 2.6 - man page for locale (linux section 5)

LOCALE(5)				Linux User Manual				LOCALE(5)

NAME
       locale - describes a locale definition file

DESCRIPTION
       The  locale  definition	files  contains all the information that the localedef(1) command
       needs to convert it into the binary locale database.

       The definition files consist of sections which each describe a locale category in detail.

   Syntax
       The locale definition file starts with a header that may consist  of  the  following  key-
       words:

       <escape_char>
	      is followed by a character that should be used as the escape-character for the rest
	      of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in  a  special	way.   It
	      defaults to the backslash (\).

       <comment_char>
	      is  followed by a character that will be used as the comment-character for the rest
	      of the file.  It defaults to the number sign (#).

       The locale definition has one part for each locale category.  Each part can be copied from
       another existing locale or can be defined from scratch.	If the category should be copied,
       the only valid keyword in the definition is copy followed by the name of the locale  which
       should be copied.

   LC_CTYPE
       The definition for the LC_CTYPE category starts with the string LC_CTYPE in the first col-
       umn.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       upper  followed by a list of uppercase letters.	The letters  A	through  Z  are  included
	      automatically.   Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not
	      allowed.

       lower  followed by a list of lowercase letters.	The letters  a	through  z  are  included
	      automatically.   Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not
	      allowed.

       alpha  followed by a list of letters.  All character specified as either  upper	or  lower
	      are  automatically  included.  Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or
	      space are not allowed.

       digit  followed by the characters classified as numeric digits.	Only the digits 0 through
	      9 are allowed.  They are included by default in this class.

       space  followed	by  a  list  of characters defined as white-space characters.  Characters
	      also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, graph, or  xdigit  are  not  allowed.
	      The characters <space>, <form-feed>, <newline>, <carriage-return>, <tab>, and <ver-
	      tical-tab> are automatically included.

       cntrl  followed by a list of control characters.   Characters  also  specified  as  upper,
	      lower, alpha, digit, punct, graph, print, or xdigit are not allowed.

       punct  followed	by a list of punctuation characters.  Characters also specified as upper,
	      lower, alpha, digit, cntrl, xdigit, or the <space> character are not allowed.

       graph  followed by a list of printable characters, not including  the  <space>  character.
	      The  characters  defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, and punct are auto-
	      matically included.  Characters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.

       print  followed by a list of printable characters, including the <space>  character.   The
	      characters  defined  as  upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, punct, and the <space>
	      character are automatically included.  Characters also specified as cntrl  are  not
	      allowed.

       xdigit followed	by  a  list  of characters classified as hexadecimal digits.  The decimal
	      digits must be included followed by one or more set of six characters in	ascending
	      order.  The following characters are included by default: 0 through 9, a through f,
	      A through F.

       blank  followed by a list of characters classified as blank.  The characters  <space>  and
	      <tab> are automatically included.

       toupper
	      followed	by  a list of mappings from lowercase to uppercase letters.  Each mapping
	      is a pair of a lowercase and an uppercase letter separated with a , and enclosed in
	      parentheses.  The members of the list are separated with semicolons.

       tolower
	      followed by a list of mappings from uppercase to lowercase letters.  If the keyword
	      tolower is not present, the reverse of the toupper list is used.

       The LC_CTYPE definition ends with the string END LC_CYTPE.

   LC_COLLATE
       The LC_COLLATE category defines the rules for collating characters.  Due to limitations of
       libc not all POSIX-options are implemented.

       The definition starts with the string LC_COLLATE in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       collating-element

       collating-symbol

       The order-definition starts with a line:

       order_start

       followed  by  a list of keywords out of forward, backward, or position.	The order defini-
       tion consists of lines that describe the order and is terminated with the keyword

       order_end.

       For more details see the sources in /usr/lib/nls/src notably the examples  POSIX,  Example
       and Example2

       The LC_COLLATE definition ends with the string END LC_COLLATE.

   LC_MONETARY
       The definition starts with the string LC_MONETARY in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       int_curr_symbol
	      followed	by  the international currency symbol.	This must be a 4-character string
	      containing the international currency symbol as defined by the  ISO  4217  standard
	      (three characters) followed by a separator.

       currency_symbol
	      followed by the local currency symbol.

       mon_decimal_point
	      followed	by  the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting
	      monetary quantities.

       mon_thousands_sep
	      followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting mone-
	      tary quantities.

       mon_grouping
	      followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

       positive_sign
	      followed	by a string that is used to indicate a positive sign for monetary quanti-
	      ties.

       negative_sign
	      followed by a string that is used to indicate a negative sign for monetary  quanti-
	      ties.

       int_frac_digits
	      followed	by  the  number  of fractional digits that should be used when formatting
	      with the int_curr_symbol.

       frac_digits
	      followed by the number of fractional digits that should  be  used  when  formatting
	      with the currency_symbol.

       p_cs_precedes
	      followed	by  an	integer set to 1 if the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol should
	      precede the formatted monetary quantity or set to 0  if  the  symbol  succeeds  the
	      value.

       p_sep_by_space
	      followed by an integer.

	      0      means that no space should be printed between the symbol and the value.

	      1      means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the value.

	      2      means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the sign string,
		     if adjacent.

       n_cs_precedes

	      0      - the symbol succeeds the value.

	      1      - the symbol precedes the value.

       n_sep_by_space
	      An integer set to 0 if no space separates the  currency_symbol  or  int_curr_symbol
	      from  the value for a negative monetary quantity, set to 1 if a space separates the
	      symbol from the value and set to 2 if a space separates the  symbol  and	the  sign
	      string, if adjacent.

       p_sign_posn

	      0      Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

	      1      The  sign	string	precedes  the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol or the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      2      The sign string  succeeds	the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol  or  the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      3      The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

	      4      The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

       n_sign_posn

	      0      Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

	      1      The  sign	string	precedes  the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol or the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      2      The sign string  succeeds	the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol  or  the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      3      The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

	      4      The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

       The LC_MONETARY definition ends with the string END LC_MONETARY.

   LC_NUMERIC
       The definition starts with the string LC_NUMERIC in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       decimal_point
	      followed	by  the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting
	      numeric quantities.

       thousands_sep
	      followed by the string that will be used	as  a  group  separator  when  formatting
	      numeric quantities.

       grouping
	      followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

       The LC_NUMERIC definition ends with the string END LC_NUMERIC.

   LC_TIME
       The definition starts with the string LC_TIME in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       abday  followed	by  a  list of abbreviated weekday names.  The list starts with the first
	      day of the week as specified by week (Sunday by default).

       day    followed by a list of weekday names.  The list starts with the  first  day  of  the
	      week as specified by week (Sunday by default).

       abmon  followed by a list of abbreviated month names.

       mon    followed by a list of month names.

       am_pm  The appropriate representation of the am and pm strings.

       d_t_fmt
	      The appropriate date and time format.

       d_fmt  The appropriate date format.

       t_fmt  The appropriate time format.

       t_fmt_ampm
	      The appropriate time format when using 12h clock format.

       week   followed	by a list of three values: The number of days in a week (by default 7), a
	      date of beginning of the week (by default corresponds to Sunday), and  the  minimal
	      length  of the first week in year (by default 4).  Regarding the start of the week,
	      19971130 shall be used for Sunday and 19971201 shall be  used  for  Monday.   Thus,
	      countries  using 19971130 should have local Sunday name as the first day in the day
	      list, while countries using 19971201 should have Monday translation  as  the  first
	      item in the day list.

       first_weekday (since glibc 2.2)
	      Number  of  the  first  day from the day list to be shown in calendar applications.
	      The default value of 1 corresponds to either Sunday  or  Monday  depending  on  the
	      value of the second week list item.

       first_workday (since glibc 2.2)
	      Number of the first working day from the day list.

       The LC_TIME definition ends with the string END LC_TIME.

   LC_MESSAGES
       The definition starts with the string LC_MESSAGES in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       yesexpr
	      followed by a regular expression that describes possible yes-responses.

       noexpr followed by a regular expression that describes possible no-responses.

       The LC_MESSAGES definition ends with the string END LC_MESSAGES.

       See the POSIX.2 standard for details.

FILES
       /usr/lib/locale/ -- database for the current locale setting of that category
       /usr/lib/nls/charmap/* -- charmap-files

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2, ISO/IEC 14652.

BUGS
       This manual page isn't complete.

SEE ALSO
       locale(1), localedef(1), localeconv(3), setlocale(3), charmap(5)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project,    and	  information	 about	  reporting    bugs,	can    be    found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2008-06-17					LOCALE(5)


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