Unix/Linux Go Back    


Linux 2.6 - man page for hosts (linux section 5)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


HOSTS(5)			    Linux Programmer's Manual				 HOSTS(5)

NAME
       hosts - static table lookup for hostnames

SYNOPSIS
       /etc/hosts

DESCRIPTION
       This  manual page describes the format of the /etc/hosts file.  This file is a simple text
       file that associates IP addresses with hostnames, one line per IP address.  For each  host
       a single line should be present with the following information:

	      IP_address canonical_hostname [aliases...]

       Fields  of  the	entry  are separated by any number of blanks and/or tab characters.  Text
       from a "#" character until the end of the line is a comment, and is ignored.   Host  names
       may contain only alphanumeric characters, minus signs ("-"), and periods (".").	They must
       begin with an alphabetic character and  end  with  an  alphanumeric  character.	 Optional
       aliases provide for name changes, alternate spellings, shorter hostnames, or generic host-
       names (for example, localhost).

       The Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND) Server implements the Internet	name  server  for
       UNIX systems.  It augments or replaces the /etc/hosts file or hostname lookup, and frees a
       host from relying on /etc/hosts being up to date and complete.

       In modern systems, even though the host table has been superseded  by  DNS,  it	is  still
       widely used for:

       bootstrapping
	      Most  systems  have  a small host table containing the name and address information
	      for important hosts on the local network.  This is useful when DNS is not  running,
	      for example during system bootup.

       NIS    Sites  that  use	NIS  use  the host table as input to the NIS host database.  Even
	      though NIS can be used with DNS, most NIS sites still use the host  table  with  an
	      entry for all local hosts as a backup.

       isolated nodes
	      Very  small  sites that are isolated from the network use the host table instead of
	      DNS.  If the local information rarely changes, and the network is not connected  to
	      the Internet, DNS offers little advantage.

FILES
       /etc/hosts

NOTES
       Modifications  to  this	file  normally take effect immediately, except in cases where the
       file is cached by applications.

   Historical notes
       RFC 952 gave the original format for the host table, though it has since changed.

       Before the advent of DNS, the host table was the only way of resolving  hostnames  on  the
       fledgling  Internet.   Indeed, this file could be created from the official host data base
       maintained at the Network Information Control Center  (NIC),  though  local  changes  were
       often  required	to bring it up to date regarding unofficial aliases and/or unknown hosts.
       The NIC no longer maintains the hosts.txt files, though looking	around	at  the  time  of
       writing	(circa	2000),	there  are  historical	hosts.txt files on the WWW.  I just found
       three, from 92, 94, and 95.

EXAMPLE
       127.0.0.1       localhost
       192.168.1.10    foo.mydomain.org       foo
       192.168.1.13    bar.mydomain.org       bar
       146.82.138.7    master.debian.org      master
       209.237.226.90  www.opensource.org

SEE ALSO
       hostname(1), resolver(3), resolver(5), hostname(7), named(8)

       Internet RFC 952

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2002-06-16					 HOSTS(5)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 06:01 AM.