
WCSTOD(P) POSIX Programmer's Manual WCSTOD(P)
NAME
wcstod, wcstof, wcstold  convert a widecharacter string to a doubleprecision number
SYNOPSIS
#include <wchar.h>
double wcstod(const wchar_t *restrict nptr, wchar_t **restrict endptr);
float wcstof(const wchar_t *restrict nptr, wchar_t **restrict endptr);
long double wcstold(const wchar_t *restrict nptr,
wchar_t **restrict endptr);
DESCRIPTION
These functions shall convert the initial portion of the widecharacter string pointed to
by nptr to double, float, and long double representation, respectively. First, they shall
decompose the input widecharacter string into three parts:
1. An initial, possibly empty, sequence of whitespace widecharacter codes (as specified
by iswspace())
2. A subject sequence interpreted as a floatingpoint constant or representing infinity
or NaN
3. A final widecharacter string of one or more unrecognized widecharacter codes,
including the terminating null widecharacter code of the input widecharacter string
Then they shall attempt to convert the subject sequence to a floatingpoint number, and
return the result.
The expected form of the subject sequence is an optional plus or minus sign, then one of
the following:
* A nonempty sequence of decimal digits optionally containing a radix character, then an
optional exponent part
* A 0x or 0X, then a nonempty sequence of hexadecimal digits optionally containing a
radix character, then an optional binary exponent part
* One of INF or INFINITY, or any other wide string equivalent except for case
* One of NAN or NAN(nwcharsequence_opt), or any other wide string ignoring case in the
NAN part, where:
nwcharsequence:
digit
nondigit
nwcharsequence digit
nwcharsequence nondigit
The subject sequence is defined as the longest initial subsequence of the input wide
string, starting with the first nonwhitespace wide character, that is of the expected
form. The subject sequence contains no wide characters if the input wide string is not of
the expected form.
If the subject sequence has the expected form for a floatingpoint number, the sequence of
wide characters starting with the first digit or the radix character (whichever occurs
first) shall be interpreted as a floating constant according to the rules of the C lan
guage, except that the radix character shall be used in place of a period, and that if
neither an exponent part nor a radix character appears in a decimal floatingpoint number,
or if a binary exponent part does not appear in a hexadecimal floatingpoint number, an
exponent part of the appropriate type with value zero shall be assumed to follow the last
digit in the string. If the subject sequence begins with a minus sign, the sequence shall
be interpreted as negated. A widecharacter sequence INF or INFINITY shall be interpreted
as an infinity, if representable in the return type, else as if it were a floating con
stant that is too large for the range of the return type. A widecharacter sequence NAN or
NAN(nwcharsequence_opt) shall be interpreted as a quiet NaN, if supported in the return
type, else as if it were a subject sequence part that does not have the expected form; the
meaning of the nwchar sequences is implementationdefined. A pointer to the final wide
string shall be stored in the object pointed to by endptr, provided that endptr is not a
null pointer.
If the subject sequence has the hexadecimal form and FLT_RADIX is a power of 2, the con
version shall be rounded in an implementationdefined manner.
The radix character shall be as defined in the program's locale (category LC_NUMERIC ). In
the POSIX locale, or in a locale where the radix character is not defined, the radix char
acter shall default to a period ( '.' ).
In other than the C or POSIX locales, other implementationdefined subject sequences
may be accepted.
If the subject sequence is empty or does not have the expected form, no conversion shall
be performed; the value of nptr shall be stored in the object pointed to by endptr, pro
vided that endptr is not a null pointer.
The wcstod() function shall not change the setting of errno if successful.
Since 0 is returned on error and is also a valid return on success, an application wishing
to check for error situations should set errno to 0, then call wcstod(), wcstof(), or
wcstold(), then check errno.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the converted value. If no con
version could be performed, 0 shall be returned and errno may be set to [EINVAL].
If the correct value is outside the range of representable values, +HUGE_VAL,
+HUGE_VALF, or +HUGE_VALL shall be returned (according to the sign of the value), and
errno shall be set to [ERANGE].
If the correct value would cause underflow, a value whose magnitude is no greater than the
smallest normalized positive number in the return type shall be returned and errno set to
[ERANGE].
ERRORS
The wcstod() function shall fail if:
ERANGE The value to be returned would cause overflow or underflow.
The wcstod() function may fail if:
EINVAL No conversion could be performed.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
None.
APPLICATION USAGE
If the subject sequence has the hexadecimal form and FLT_RADIX is not a power of 2, and
the result is not exactly representable, the result should be one of the two numbers in
the appropriate internal format that are adjacent to the hexadecimal floating source
value, with the extra stipulation that the error should have a correct sign for the cur
rent rounding direction.
If the subject sequence has the decimal form and at most DECIMAL_DIG (defined in
<float.h>) significant digits, the result should be correctly rounded. If the subject
sequence D has the decimal form and more than DECIMAL_DIG significant digits, consider the
two bounding, adjacent decimal strings L and U, both having DECIMAL_DIG significant dig
its, such that the values of L, D, and U satisfy "L <= D <= U" . The result should be one
of the (equal or adjacent) values that would be obtained by correctly rounding L and U
according to the current rounding direction, with the extra stipulation that the error
with respect to D should have a correct sign for the current rounding direction.
RATIONALE
None.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.
SEE ALSO
iswspace() , localeconv() , scanf() , setlocale() , wcstol() , the Base Definitions volume
of IEEE Std 1003.12001, Chapter 7, Locale, <float.h>, <wchar.h>
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  Portable Operating System
Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 20012003 by
the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig
inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 WCSTOD(P) 
