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Linux 2.6 - man page for truncate (linux section 3posix)

TRUNCATE(P)				      POSIX Programmer's Manual 				  TRUNCATE(P)

NAME
truncate - truncate a file to a specified length
SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int truncate(const char *path, off_t length);
DESCRIPTION
The truncate() function shall cause the regular file named by path to have a size which shall be equal to length bytes. If the file previously was larger than length, the extra data is discarded. If the file was previously shorter than length, its size is increased, and the extended area appears as if it were zero-filled. The application shall ensure that the process has write permission for the file. If the request would cause the file size to exceed the soft file size limit for the process, the request shall fail and the implementation shall generate the SIGXFSZ signal for the process. This function shall not modify the file offset for any open file descriptions associated with the file. Upon successful completion, if the file size is changed, this function shall mark for update the st_ctime and st_mtime fields of the file, and the S_ISUID and S_ISGID bits of the file mode may be cleared.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, truncate() shall return 0. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned, and errno set to indi- cate the error.
ERRORS
The truncate() function shall fail if: EINTR A signal was caught during execution. EINVAL The length argument was less than 0. EFBIG or EINVAL The length argument was greater than the maximum file size. EIO An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file system. EACCES A component of the path prefix denies search permission, or write permission is denied on the file. EISDIR The named file is a directory. ELOOP A loop exists in symbolic links encountered during resolution of the path argument. ENAMETOOLONG The length of the path argument exceeds {PATH_MAX} or a pathname component is longer than {NAME_MAX}. ENOENT A component of path does not name an existing file or path is an empty string. ENOTDIR A component of the path prefix of path is not a directory. EROFS The named file resides on a read-only file system. The truncate() function may fail if: ELOOP More than {SYMLOOP_MAX} symbolic links were encountered during resolution of the path argument. ENAMETOOLONG Pathname resolution of a symbolic link produced an intermediate result whose length exceeds {PATH_MAX}. The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
None.
APPLICATION USAGE
None.
RATIONALE
None.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.
SEE ALSO
open() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <unistd.h>
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Speci- fications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE
/The Open Group 2003 TRUNCATE(P)


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