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SQRT(P) 			    POSIX Programmer's Manual				  SQRT(P)

NAME
       sqrt, sqrtf, sqrtl - square root function

SYNOPSIS
       #include <math.h>

       double sqrt(double x);
       float sqrtf(float x);
       long double sqrtl(long double x);

DESCRIPTION
       These functions shall compute the square root of their argument x, sqrt(x).

       An  application	wishing  to  check for error situations should set errno to zero and call
       feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions.  On return, if errno is  non-
       zero  or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero,
       an error has occurred.

RETURN VALUE
       Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the square root of x.

       For finite values of x < -0, a domain error shall occur, and  either a NaN (if supported),
       or   an implementation-defined value shall be returned.

       If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

       If x is +-0 or +Inf, x shall be returned.

       If x is -Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implemen-
       tation-defined value shall be returned.

ERRORS
       These functions shall fail if:

       Domain Error
	      The finite value of x is < -0,	or x is -Inf.

       If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be
       set  to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero,
       then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES
   Taking the Square Root of 9.0
	      #include <math.h>
	      ...
	      double x = 9.0;
	      double result;
	      ...
	      result = sqrt(x);

APPLICATION USAGE
       On  error,  the	expressions  (math_errhandling	&  MATH_ERRNO)	and  (math_errhandling	&
       MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       feclearexcept()	 ,   fetestexcept()   ,   isnan()   ,  the  Base  Definitions  volume  of
       IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for  Mathematical  Func-
       tions, <math.h>, <stdio.h>

COPYRIGHT
       Portions  of  this  text  are  reprinted  and  reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
       1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  --  Portable	Operating  System
       Interface  (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by
       the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and  The  Open  Group.  In  the
       event  of  any  discrepancy  between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
       inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group			       2003					  SQRT(P)
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