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Linux 2.6 - man page for sigemptyset (linux section 3posix)

SIGEMPTYSET(P)			    POSIX Programmer's Manual			   SIGEMPTYSET(P)

       sigemptyset - initialize and empty a signal set

       #include <signal.h>

       int sigemptyset(sigset_t *set);

       The  sigemptyset()  function  initializes  the signal set pointed to by set, such that all
       signals defined in IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 are excluded.

       Upon successful completion, sigemptyset() shall return 0; otherwise, it	shall  return  -1
       and set errno to indicate the error.

       No errors are defined.

       The following sections are informative.



       The  implementation  of the sigemptyset() (or sigfillset()) function could quite trivially
       clear (or set) all the bits in the signal set.  Alternatively, it would be  reasonable  to
       initialize  part of the structure, such as a version field, to permit binary-compatibility
       between releases where the size of the set varies. For such reasons, either  sigemptyset()
       or  sigfillset() must be called prior to any other use of the signal set, even if such use
       is read-only (for example, as an argument to sigpending()). This function is not  intended
       for dynamic allocation.

       The sigfillset() and sigemptyset() functions require that the resulting signal set include
       (or exclude) all the signals defined in this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001.  Although  it
       is  outside  the scope of this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 to place this requirement on
       signals that are implemented as extensions, it is recommended that  implementation-defined
       signals	also  be  affected  by these functions. However, there may be a good reason for a
       particular signal not to be affected. For example, blocking or ignoring an implementation-
       defined signal may have undesirable side effects, whereas the default action for that sig-
       nal is harmless.  In such a case, it would be preferable for such a signal to be  excluded
       from the signal set returned by sigfillset().

       In  early  proposals there was no distinction between invalid and unsupported signals (the
       names of optional signals that were not supported by an implementation were not defined by
       that  implementation).	The  [EINVAL]  error  was  thus specified as a required error for
       invalid signals. With that distinction, it is not necessary to require implementations  of
       these  functions  to  determine	whether an optional signal is actually supported, as that
       could have a significant performance impact for little value. The error	could  have  been
       required  for invalid signals and optional for unsupported signals, but this seemed unnec-
       essarily complex. Thus, the error is optional in both cases.


       Signal Concepts , sigaction() , sigaddset() , sigdelset() , sigfillset() , sigismember() ,
       sigpending()   ,   sigprocmask()   ,   sigsuspend()  ,  the  Base  Definitions  volume  of
       IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <signal.h>

       Portions of this text are reprinted and	reproduced  in	electronic  form  from	IEEE  Std
       1003.1,	2003  Edition,	Standard  for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System
       Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003  by
       the  Institute  of  Electrical  and  Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE  and  The  Open  Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
       inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group			       2003				   SIGEMPTYSET(P)

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