
ROUND(P) POSIX Programmer's Manual ROUND(P)
NAME
round, roundf, roundl  round to the nearest integer value in a floatingpoint format
SYNOPSIS
#include <math.h>
double round(double x);
float roundf(float x);
long double roundl(long double x);
DESCRIPTION
These functions shall round their argument to the nearest integer value in floatingpoint
format, rounding halfway cases away from zero, regardless of the current rounding direc
tion.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call
feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non
zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO  FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero,
an error has occurred.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is +0 or +Inf, x shall be returned.
If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and round(),
roundf(), and roundl() shall return the value of the macro +HUGE_VAL, +HUGE_VALF, and
+HUGE_VALL (with the same sign as x), respectively.
ERRORS
These functions may fail if:
Range Error
The result overflows.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be
set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non
zero, then the overflow floatingpoint exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
None.
APPLICATION USAGE
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling &
MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.
RATIONALE
None.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.
SEE ALSO
feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.12001,
Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  Portable Operating System
Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 20012003 by
the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig
inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 ROUND(P) 
