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Linux 2.6 - man page for nearbyintf (linux section 3posix)

NEARBYINT(P)			    POSIX Programmer's Manual			     NEARBYINT(P)

NAME
       nearbyint, nearbyintf, nearbyintl - floating-point rounding functions

SYNOPSIS
       #include <math.h>

       double nearbyint(double x);
       float nearbyintf(float x);
       long double nearbyintl(long double x);

DESCRIPTION
       These  functions  shall round their argument to an integer value in floating-point format,
       using the current rounding direction and without raising the inexact floating-point excep-
       tion.

       An  application	wishing  to  check for error situations should set errno to zero and call
       feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions.  On return, if errno is  non-
       zero  or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero,
       an error has occurred.

RETURN VALUE
       Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.

       If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

       If x is +-0, +-0 shall be returned.

       If x is +-Inf, x shall be returned.

       If the correct value would cause overflow, a range  error  shall  occur	and  nearbyint(),
       nearbyintf(),   and   nearbyintl()  shall  return  the  value  of  the  macro  +-HUGE_VAL,
       +-HUGE_VALF, and +-HUGE_VALL (with the same sign as x), respectively.

ERRORS
       These functions shall fail if:

       Range Error
	      The result would cause an overflow.

       If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be
       set  to	[ERANGE].  If  the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-
       zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.

       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES
       None.

APPLICATION USAGE
       On  error,  the	expressions  (math_errhandling	&  MATH_ERRNO)	and  (math_errhandling	&
       MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       feclearexcept()	,  fetestexcept()  , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001,
       Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>

COPYRIGHT
       Portions of this text are reprinted and	reproduced  in	electronic  form  from	IEEE  Std
       1003.1,	2003  Edition,	Standard  for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System
       Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003  by
       the  Institute  of  Electrical  and  Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE  and  The  Open  Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
       inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group			       2003				     NEARBYINT(P)


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