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Linux 2.6 - man page for msgget (linux section 3posix)

MSGGET(P)			    POSIX Programmer's Manual				MSGGET(P)

NAME
       msgget - get the XSI message queue identifier

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/msg.h>

       int msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);

DESCRIPTION
       The  msgget()  function operates on XSI message queues (see the Base Definitions volume of
       IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 3.224, Message Queue). It is unspecified whether this  func-
       tion  interoperates  with  the  realtime  interprocess communication facilities defined in
       Realtime .

       The msgget() function shall return the message queue identifier associated with the  argu-
       ment key.

       A   message   queue   identifier,  associated  message  queue,  and  data  structure  (see
       <sys/msg.h>), shall be created for the argument key if one of the following is true:

	* The argument key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE.

	* The argument key does not already have a message queue identifier associated	with  it,
	  and (msgflg & IPC_CREAT) is non-zero.

       Upon  creation,	the data structure associated with the new message queue identifier shall
       be initialized as follows:

	* msg_perm.cuid, msg_perm.uid, msg_perm.cgid, and msg_perm.gid shall be set equal to  the
	  effective user ID and effective group ID, respectively, of the calling process.

	* The  low-order  9  bits  of msg_perm.mode shall be set equal to the low-order 9 bits of
	  msgflg.

	* msg_qnum, msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_stime, and msg_rtime shall be set equal to 0.

	* msg_ctime shall be set equal to the current time.

	* msg_qbytes shall be set equal to the system limit.

RETURN VALUE
       Upon successful completion, msgget() shall return a non-negative integer, namely a message
       queue identifier. Otherwise, it shall return -1 and set errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       The msgget() function shall fail if:

       EACCES A message queue identifier exists for the argument key, but operation permission as
	      specified by the low-order 9 bits of msgflg would not be granted; see XSI Interpro-
	      cess Communication .

       EEXIST A message queue identifier exists for the argument key but ((msgflg & IPC_CREAT) &&
	      (msgflg & IPC_EXCL)) is non-zero.

       ENOENT A message queue identifier does not exist  for  the  argument  key  and  (msgflg	&
	      IPC_CREAT) is 0.

       ENOSPC A  message  queue  identifier  is to be created but the system-imposed limit on the
	      maximum number of allowed message queue identifiers system-wide would be exceeded.

       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES
       None.

APPLICATION USAGE
       The POSIX Realtime Extension defines alternative interfaces for interprocess communication
       (IPC). Application developers who need to use IPC should design their applications so that
       modules using the IPC routines described in XSI Interprocess Communication can  be  easily
       modified to use the alternative interfaces.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       XSI  Interprocess  Communication  ,  Realtime  , mq_close() , mq_getattr() , mq_notify() ,
       mq_open() , mq_receive() , mq_send() , mq_setattr() , mq_unlink() , msgctl() , msgrcv()	,
       msgsnd() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/msg.h>

COPYRIGHT
       Portions  of  this  text  are  reprinted  and  reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
       1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  --  Portable	Operating  System
       Interface  (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by
       the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and  The  Open  Group.  In  the
       event  of  any  discrepancy  between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
       inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group			       2003					MSGGET(P)


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