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Linux 2.6 - man page for lfind (linux section 3posix)

LSEARCH(P)			    POSIX Programmer's Manual			       LSEARCH(P)

       lsearch, lfind - linear search and update

       #include <search.h>

       void *lsearch(const void *key, void *base, size_t *nelp, size_t width,
	      int (*compar)(const void *, const void *));
       void *lfind(const void *key, const void *base, size_t *nelp,
	      size_t width, int (*compar)(const void *, const void *));

       The lsearch() function shall linearly search the table and return a pointer into the table
       for the matching entry. If the entry does not occur, it shall be added at the end  of  the
       table.  The  key argument points to the entry to be sought in the table. The base argument
       points to the first element in the table. The width argument is the size of an element  in
       bytes. The nelp argument points to an integer containing the current number of elements in
       the table. The integer to which nelp points shall be incremented if the entry is added  to
       the table. The compar argument points to a comparison function which the application shall
       supply (for example, strcmp()).	It is called with two arguments that point  to	the  ele-
       ments being compared. The application shall ensure that the function returns 0 if the ele-
       ments are equal, and non-zero otherwise.

       The lfind() function shall be equivalent to lsearch(), except that if  the  entry  is  not
       found, it is not added to the table. Instead, a null pointer is returned.

       If  the	searched for entry is found, both lsearch() and lfind() shall return a pointer to
       it. Otherwise, lfind() shall return a null pointer and lsearch() shall return a pointer to
       the newly added element.

       Both functions shall return a null pointer in case of error.

       No errors are defined.

       The following sections are informative.

   Storing Strings in a Table
       This  fragment reads in less than or equal to TABSIZE strings of length less than or equal
       to ELSIZE and stores them in a table, eliminating duplicates.

	      #include <stdio.h>
	      #include <string.h>
	      #include <search.h>

	      #define TABSIZE 50
	      #define ELSIZE 120

		  char line[ELSIZE], tab[TABSIZE][ELSIZE];
		  size_t nel = 0;
		  while (fgets(line, ELSIZE, stdin) != NULL && nel < TABSIZE)
		      (void) lsearch(line, tab, &nel,
			  ELSIZE, (int (*)(const void *, const void *)) strcmp);

   Finding a Matching Entry
       The following example finds any line that reads "This is a test."  .

	      #include <search.h>
	      #include <string.h>
	      char line[ELSIZE], tab[TABSIZE][ELSIZE];
	      size_t nel = 0;
	      char *findline;
	      void *entry;

	      findline = "This is a test.\n";

	      entry = lfind(findline, tab, &nel, ELSIZE, (
		  int (*)(const void *, const void *)) strcmp);

       The comparison function need not compare every byte, so arbitrary data may be contained in
       the elements in addition to the values being compared.

       Undefined results can occur if there is not enough room in the table to add a new item.



       hcreate() , tsearch() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <search.h>

       Portions  of  this  text  are  reprinted  and  reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
       1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  --  Portable	Operating  System
       Interface  (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by
       the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and  The  Open  Group.  In  the
       event  of  any  discrepancy  between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
       inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group			       2003				       LSEARCH(P)

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