
COS(P) POSIX Programmer's Manual COS(P)
NAME
cos, cosf, cosl  cosine function
SYNOPSIS
#include <math.h>
double cos(double x);
float cosf(float x);
long double cosl(long double x);
DESCRIPTION
These functions shall compute the cosine of their argument x, measured in radians.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call
feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non
zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO  FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero,
an error has occurred.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the cosine of x.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is +0, the value 1.0 shall be returned.
If x is +Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an imple
mentationdefined value shall be returned.
ERRORS
These functions shall fail if:
Domain Error
The x argument is +Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be
set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero,
then the invalid floatingpoint exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
Taking the Cosine of a 45Degree Angle
#include <math.h>
...
double radians = 45 * M_PI / 180;
double result;
...
result = cos(radians);
APPLICATION USAGE
These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near an odd multiple of pi/2 or
is far from 0.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling &
MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.
RATIONALE
None.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.
SEE ALSO
acos() , feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , isnan() , sin() , tan() , the Base Definitions
volume of IEEE Std 1003.12001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathemati
cal Functions, <math.h>
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  Portable Operating System
Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 20012003 by
the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig
inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 COS(P) 
