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Linux 2.6 - man page for rpc::plserver (linux section 3pm)

RPC::PlServer(3pm)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	       RPC::PlServer(3pm)

NAME
       RPC::PlServer - Perl extension for writing PlRPC servers

SYNOPSIS
	 # Create a subclass of RPC::PlServer
	 use RPC::PlServer;

	 package MyServer;
	 $MyServer::VERSION = '0.01';
	 @MyServer::ISA = qw(RPC::PlServer);

	 # Overwrite the Run() method to handle a single connection
	 sub Run {
	     my $self = shift;
	     my $socket = $self->{'socket'};
	 }

	 # Create an instance of the MyServer class
	 package main;
	 my $server = MyServer->new({'localport' => '1234'}, \@ARGV);

	 # Bind the server to its port to make it actually running
	 $server->Bind();

DESCRIPTION
       PlRPC (Perl RPC) is a package for implementing servers and clients that are written in
       Perl entirely. The name is borrowed from Sun's RPC (Remote Procedure Call), but it could
       as well be RMI like Java's "Remote Method Interface), because PlRPC gives you the complete
       power of Perl's OO framework in a very simple manner.

       RPC::PlServer is the package used on the server side, and you guess what RPC::PlClient is
       for. Both share the package RPC::PlServer::Comm for communication purposes. See
       PlRPC::Client(3) and RPC::PlServer::Comm for these parts.

       PlRPC works by defining a set of methods that may be executed by the client.  For example,
       the server might offer a method "multiply" to the client. Now the clients method call

	   @result = $client->multiply($a, $b);

       will be immediately mapped to a method call

	   @result = $server->multiply($a, $b);

       on the server. The arguments and results will be transferred to or from the server
       automagically. (This magic has a name in Perl: It's the Storable module, my thanks to
       Raphael Manfredi for this excellent package.) Simple, eh? :-)

       The RPC::PlServer and RPC::PlClient are abstract servers and clients: You have to derive
       your own classes from it.

   Additional options
       The RPC::PlServer inherits all of Net::Daemon's options and attributes and adds the
       following:

       cipher  The attribute value is an instance of Crypt::DES, Crypt::IDEA or any other class
	       with the same API for block encryption. If you supply such an attribute, the
	       traffic between client and server will be encrypted using this option.

       maxmessage (--maxmessage=size)
	       The size of messages exchanged between client and server is restricted, in order
	       to omit denial of service attacks. By default the limit is 65536 bytes.

       users   This is an attribute of the client object used for Permit/Deny rules in the config
	       file. It's value is an array ref of user names that are allowed to connect from
	       the given client. See the example config file below. "CONFIGURATION FILE".

   Error Handling
       Error handling is simple with the RPC package, because it is based on Perl exceptions
       completely. Thus your typical code looks like this:

	 eval {
	     # Do something here. Don't care for errors.
	     ...
	 };
	 if ($@) {
	     # An error occurred.
	     ...
	 }

   Server Constructors
	 my $server = RPC::PlServer(\%options, \@args);

       (Class method) This constructor is immediately inherited from the Net::Daemon package. See
       Net::Daemon(3) for details.

   Access Control
	 $ok = $self->AcceptApplication($app);
	 $ok = $self->AcceptVersion($version);
	 $ok = $self->AcceptUser($user, $password);

       The RPC::PlServer package has a very detailed access control scheme: First of all it
       inherits Net::Daemon's host based access control. It adds version control and user
       authorization. To achieve that, the method Accept from Net::Daemon is split into three
       methods, AcceptApplication, AcceptVersion and AcceptUser, each of them returning TRUE or
       FALSE. The client receives the arguments as the attributes application, version, user and
       password. A client is accepted only if all of the above methods are returning TRUE.

       The default implementations are as follows: The AcceptApplication method returns TRUE, if
       $self is a subclass of $app. The AcceptVersion method returns TRUE, if the requested
       version is less or equal to ${$class}::VERSION, $self being an instance of $class. Whether
       a user is permitted to connect depends on the client configuration. See "CONFIGURATION
       FILE" below for examples.

   Method based access control
       Giving a client the ability to invoke arbitrary methods can be a terrible security hole.
       Thus the server has a methods attribute. This is a hash ref of class names as keys, the
       values being hash refs again with method names as the keys. That is, if your hash looks as
       follows:

	   $self->{'methods'} = {
	       'CalcServer' => {
		   'NewHandle' => 1,
		   'CallMethod' => 1 },
	       'Calculator' => {
		   'new' => 1,
		   'multiply' => 1,
		   'add' => 1,
		   'divide' => 1,
		   'subtract' => 1 }
	       };

       then the client may use the CalcServer's NewHandle method to create objects, but only via
       the permitted constructor Calculator->new. Once a Calculator object is created, the server
       may invoke the methods multiply, add, divide and subtract.

CONFIGURATION FILE
       The server config file is inherited from Net::Daemon. It adds the users and cipher
       attribute to the client list. Thus a typical config file might look as follows:

	   # Load external modules; this is not required unless you use
	   # the chroot() option.
	   #require DBD::mysql;
	   #require DBD::CSV;

	   # Create keys
	   my $myhost_key = Crypt::IDEA->new('83fbd23390ade239');
	   my $bob_key	  = Crypt::IDEA->new('be39893df23f98a2');

	   {
	       # 'chroot' => '/var/dbiproxy',
	       'facility' => 'daemon',
	       'pidfile' => '/var/dbiproxy/dbiproxy.pid',
	       'user' => 'nobody',
	       'group' => 'nobody',
	       'localport' => '1003',
	       'mode' => 'fork',

	       # Access control
	       'clients' => [
		   # Accept the local LAN (192.168.1.*)
		   {
		       'mask' => '^192\.168\.1\.\d+$',
		       'accept' => 1,
		       'users' => [ 'bob', 'jim' ],
		       'cipher' => $myhost_key
		   },
		   # Accept myhost.company.com
		   {
		       'mask' => '^myhost\.company\.com$',
		       'accept' => 1,
		       'users' => [ {
			   'name' => 'bob',
			   'cipher' => $bob_key
			   } ]
		   },
		   # Deny everything else
		   {
		       'mask' => '.*',
		       'accept' => 0
		   }
	       ]
	   }

       Things you should note: The user list of 192.168.1.* contains scalar values, but the user
       list of myhost.company.com contains hash refs: This is required, because the user
       configuration is more specific for user based encryption.

EXAMPLE
       Enough wasted time, spread the example, not the word. :-) Let's write a simple server, say
       a server for MD5 digests. The server uses the external package MD5, but the client doesn't
       need to install the package. MD5(3). We present the server source here, the client is part
       of the RPC::PlClient man page. See RPC::PlClient(3).

	   #!/usr/bin/perl -wT
	   # Note the -T switch! This is always recommended for Perl servers.

	   use strict;		     # Always a good choice.

	   require RPC::PlServer;
	   require MD5;

	   package MD5_Server;	# Clients need to request application
				# "MD5_Server"

	   $MD5_Server::VERSION = '1.0'; # Clients will be refused, if they
					 # request version 1.1
	   @MD5_Server::ISA = qw(RPC::PlServer);

	   eval {
	       # Server options below can be overwritten in the config file or
	       # on the command line.
	       my $server = MD5_Server->new({
		   'pidfile'	=> '/var/run/md5serv.pid',
		   'configfile' => '/etc/md5serv.conf',
		   'facility'	=> 'daemon', # Default
		   'user'	=> 'nobody',
		   'group'	=> 'nobody',
		   'localport'	=> 2000,
		   'logfile'	=> 0,	     # Use syslog
		   'mode'	=> 'fork',   # Recommended for Unix
		   'methods'	=> {
		       'MD5_Server' => {
			   'ClientObject' => 1,
			   'CallMethod' => 1,
			   'NewHandle' => 1
			   },
		       'MD5' => {
			   'new' => 1,
			   'add' => 1,
			   'hexdigest' => 1
			   },
		       }
	       });
	       $server->Bind();
	   };

SECURITY
       It has to be said: PlRPC based servers are a potential security problem!  I did my best to
       avoid security problems, but it is more than likely, that I missed something. Security was
       a design goal, but not *the* design goal. (A well known problem ...)

       I highly recommend the following design principles:

   Protection against "trusted" users
       perlsec
	   Read the perl security FAQ ("perldoc perlsec") and use the "-T" switch.

       taintperl
	   Use the "-T" switch. I mean it!

       Verify data
	   Never untaint strings withouth verification, better verify twice.  For example the
	   CallMethod function first checks, whether an object handle is valid before coercing a
	   method on it.

       Be restrictive
	   Think twice, before you give a client access to a method.

       perlsec
	   And just in case I forgot it: Read the "perlsec" man page. :-)

   Protection against untrusted users
       Host based authorization
	   PlRPC has a builtin host based authorization scheme; use it!  See "CONFIGURATION
	   FILE".

       User based authorization
	   PlRPC has a builtin user based authorization scheme; use it!  See "CONFIGURATION
	   FILE".

       Encryption
	   Using encryption with PlRPC is extremely easy. There is absolutely no reason for
	   communicating unencrypted with the clients. Even more: I recommend two phase
	   encryption: The first phase is the login phase, where to use a host based key. As soon
	   as the user has authorized, you should switch to a user based key. See the
	   DBI::ProxyServer for an example.

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       The PlRPC-modules are

	 Copyright (C) 1998, Jochen Wiedmann
			     Email: jochen.wiedmann at freenet.de

	 All rights reserved.

       You may distribute this package under the terms of either the GNU General Public License
       or the Artistic License, as specified in the Perl README file.

SEE ALSO
       RPC::PlClient(3), RPC::PlServer::Comm(3), Net::Daemon(3), Net::Daemon::Log(3),
       Storable(3), Sys::Syslog(3), Win32::EventLog(3)

       See DBI::ProxyServer(3) for an example application.

perl v5.10.0				    2007-06-17			       RPC::PlServer(3pm)


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