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Alien::Package(3pm)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	      Alien::Package(3pm)

       Alien::Package - an object that represents a package

       This is a perl object class that represents a package in an internal format usable by
       alien. The package may be a deb, a rpm, a tgz, or a slp package, etc. Objects in this
       class hold various fields of metadata from the actual packages they represent, as well as
       some fields pointing to the actual contents of the package. They can also examine an
       actual package on disk, and populate those fields. And they can build the actual package
       using the data stored in the fields.

       A typical use of this object class will be to instantiate an object from a class derived
       from this one, such as Alien::Package::Rpm. Feed the object a rpm file, thus populating
       all of its fields. Then rebless the object into the destination class, such as
       Alien::Package::Deb. Finally, ask the object to build a package, and the package has been

       These fields are of course really just methods that all act similarly; allowing a value to
       be passed in to set them, or simply returning the value of the field if nothing is passed
       in. Child classes may override these fields to process input data, or to format output
       data. The general rule is that input data is modified to get things into a package-
       independant form, which is how the data is stored in the fields. When the value of a field
       is read, it too may be modified before it is returned, to change things into a form more
       suitable for the particular type of package.

	   The package's name.

	   The package's upstream version.

	   The package's distribution specific release number.

	   The package's architecture, in the format used by Debian.

	   The package's maintainer.

	   The package's dependancies. Only dependencies that should exist on all target
	   distributions can be put in here though (ie: lsb).

	   The section the package is in.

	   A one line description of the package.

	   A longer description of the package. May contain multiple paragraphs.

	   A short statement of copyright.

	   What format the package was originally in.

	   What distribution family the package originated from.

	   Whatever the package's package tool says when told to display info about the package.

	   A reference to a list of all the conffiles in the package.

	   A reference to a list of all the files in the package.

	   The text of the changelog

	   The postinst script of the package.

	   The postrm script of the package.

	   The preinst script of the package.

	   The prerm script of the package.

	   Only use the above scripts fields when generating the package if this is set to a true

	   Points to a directory where the package has been unpacked.

	   If set this will be a reference to a hash, with filename as key, that holds
	   ownership/group information for files that cannot be represented on the filesystem.
	   Typically that is because the owners or groups just don't exist yet. It will be set at
	   unpack time.

	   If set this will be a reference to a hash, with filename as key, that holds mode
	   information for setuid files that have an entry in owninfo.	It will be set at unpack

	   This is called by new(). It's a handy place to set fields, etc, without having to
	   write your own new() method.

	   Simply installs a package file. The filename is passed.  This has to be overridden in
	   child classes.

	   Test a package file. The filename is passed, should return an array of lines of test
	   results. Child classses may implement this.

	   Set/get the filename of the package the object represents.

	   When it is set, it performs a scan of the file, populating most other fields with data
	   from it.

	   (This is just a stub; child classes should override it to actually do something.)

	   Returns a list of all non-empty maintainer scripts in the package.

	   This method scans the file associated with an object, and populates as many other
	   fields as it can with data from it.

	   This method unpacks the package into a temporary directory. It sets unpacked_tree to
	   point to that directory.

	   (This is just a stub method that makes a directory below the current working
	   directory, and sets unpacked_tree to point to it. It should be overridden by child
	   classes to actually unpack the package as well.)

	   This method causes the object to prepare a build tree to be used in building the
	   object. It expects that the unpack method has already been called. It takes the tree
	   generated by that method, and mangles it somehow, to produce a suitable build tree.

	   (This is just a stub method that all child classes should override.)

	   This method should clean the unpacked_tree of any effects the prep and build methods
	   might have on it.

	   This method should ensure that the object is in the same state it was in before the
	   prep method was called.

	   This method takes a prepped build tree, and simply builds a package from it. It should
	   put the package in the current directory, and should return the filename of the
	   generated package.

	   (This is just a stub method that all child classes should override.)

	   This method should increment the release field of the package by the specified number.

	   When an object is destroyed, it cleans some stuff up. In particular, if the package
	   was unpacked, it is time now to wipe out the temporary directory.

	   Handles all fields, by creating accessor methods for them the first time they are

	   If set to a nonzero value, the shell commands that are run should be output.  If set
	   to a value greater than 1, any output of the commands should also be output.

       These methods can be called on either an object or on the class itself.

       new Returns a new object of this class. Optionally, you can pass in named parameters that
	   specify the values of any fields in the class.

	   Pass it a filename, and it will return true if it looks like the file is a package of
	   the type handled by the class.

       do  Runs a shell command. Is verbose or not depending on the value of
	   $Alien::Package::verbose. Returns true if the command succeeds, false on failure.

	   This is similar to backticks, but honors $Alien::Package::verbose, logging the command
	   run if asked to. The output of the command is returned.

	   The first parameter controls what to do on error. If it's true then any errors from
	   the command will be ignored (and $? will be set). If it's false, errors will abort

       Joey Hess <joey@kitenet.net>

perl v5.12.3				    2011-02-22			      Alien::Package(3pm)
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