UUID_GENERATE(3) Libuuid API UUID_GENERATE(3)
uuid_generate, uuid_generate_random, uuid_generate_time - create a new unique UUID value
void uuid_generate(uuid_t out);
void uuid_generate_random(uuid_t out);
void uuid_generate_time(uuid_t out);
The uuid_generate function creates a new universally unique identifier (UUID). The uuid
will be generated based on high-quality randomness from /dev/urandom, if available. If it
is not available, then uuid_generate will use an alternative algorithm which uses the cur-
rent time, the local ethernet MAC address (if available), and random data generated using
a pseudo-random generator.
The uuid_generate_random function forces the use of the all-random UUID format, even if a
high-quality random number generator (i.e., /dev/urandom) is not available, in which case
a pseudo-random generator will be substituted. Note that the use of a pseudo-random gen-
erator may compromise the uniqueness of UUIDs generated in this fashion.
The uuid_generate_time function forces the use of the alternative algorithm which uses the
current time and the local ethernet MAC address (if available). This algorithm used to be
the default one used to generate UUID, but because of the use of the ethernet MAC address,
it can leak information about when and where the UUID was generated. This can cause pri-
vacy problems in some applications, so the uuid_generate function only uses this algorithm
if a high-quality source of randomness is not available.
The UUID is 16 bytes (128 bits) long, which gives approximately 3.4x10^38 unique values
(there are approximately 10^80 elementary particles in the universe according to Carl
Sagan's Cosmos). The new UUID can reasonably be considered unique among all UUIDs created
on the local system, and among UUIDs created on other systems in the past and in the
The newly created UUID is returned in the memory location pointed to by out.
OSF DCE 1.1
Theodore Y. Ts'o
libuuid is part of the util-linux package since version 2.15.1 and is available from
uuid(3), uuidgen(1), uuid_clear(3), uuid_compare(3), uuid_copy(3), uuid_is_null(3),
uuid_parse(3), uuid_time(3), uuid_unparse(3)
util-linux May 2009 UUID_GENERATE(3)