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Linux 2.6 - man page for pthread_attr_setguardsize (linux section 3)

PTHREAD_ATTR_SETGUARDSIZE(3)	    Linux Programmer's Manual	     PTHREAD_ATTR_SETGUARDSIZE(3)

NAME
       pthread_attr_setguardsize,  pthread_attr_getguardsize  -  set/get  guard size attribute in
       thread attributes object

SYNOPSIS
       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_attr_setguardsize(pthread_attr_t *attr, size_t guardsize);
       int pthread_attr_getguardsize(pthread_attr_t *attr, size_t *guardsize);

       Compile and link with -pthread.

DESCRIPTION
       The pthread_attr_setguardsize() function sets the  guard  size  attribute  of  the  thread
       attributes object referred to by attr to the value specified in guardsize.

       If  guardsize  is  greater  than 0, then for each new thread created using attr the system
       allocates an additional region of at least guardsize bytes at  the  end	of  the  thread's
       stack to act as the guard area for the stack (but see BUGS).

       If guardsize is 0, then new threads created with attr will not have a guard area.

       The default guard size is the same as the system page size.

       If  the	stack  address	attribute has been set in attr (using pthread_attr_setstack(3) or
       pthread_attr_setstackaddr(3)), meaning that the caller is allocating the  thread's  stack,
       then  the  guard size attribute is ignored (i.e., no guard area is created by the system):
       it is the application's responsibility to handle stack overflow (perhaps  by  using  mpro-
       tect(2) to manually define a guard area at the end of the stack that it has allocated).

       The  pthread_attr_getguardsize()  function  returns the guard size attribute of the thread
       attributes object referred to by attr in the buffer pointed to by guardsize.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return 0; on error, they return a nonzero error number.

ERRORS
       POSIX.1-2001 documents an EINVAL error if attr or guardsize is invalid.	 On  Linux  these
       functions  always  succeed (but portable and future-proof applications should nevertheless
       handle a possible error return).

VERSIONS
       These functions are provided by glibc since version 2.1.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES
       A guard area consists of virtual memory pages that are protected to prevent read and write
       access.	If a thread overflows its stack into the guard area, then, on most hard architec-
       tures, it receives a SIGSEGV signal, thus notifying it of the overflow.	Guard areas start
       on  page  boundaries,  and the guard size is internally rounded up to the system page size
       when creating a thread.	(Nevertheless, pthread_attr_getguardsize() returns the guard size
       that was set by pthread_attr_setguardsize().)

       Setting a guard size of 0 may be useful to save memory in an application that creates many
       threads and knows that stack overflow can never occur.

       Choosing a guard size larger than the default size may be necessary  for  detecting  stack
       overflows if a thread allocates large data structures on the stack.

BUGS
       As  at  glibc  2.8,  the  NPTL threading implementation includes the guard area within the
       stack size allocation, rather than allocating extra space at the  end  of  the  stack,  as
       POSIX.1 requires.  (This can result in an EINVAL error from pthread_create(3) if the guard
       size value is too large, leaving no space for the actual stack.)

       The obsolete LinuxThreads implementation did the right thing, allocating  extra	space  at
       the end of the stack for the guard area.

EXAMPLE
       See pthread_getattr_np(3).

SEE ALSO
       mmap(2),  mprotect(2),  pthread_attr_init(3),  pthread_attr_setstack(3), pthread_attr_set-
       stacksize(3), pthread_create(3), pthreads(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2008-10-24		     PTHREAD_ATTR_SETGUARDSIZE(3)


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