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posix_mem_offset(3) [linux man page]

POSIX_MEM_OFFSET(P)					     POSIX Programmer's Manual					       POSIX_MEM_OFFSET(P)

NAME
posix_mem_offset - find offset and length of a mapped typed memory block (ADVANCED REALTIME) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mman.h> int posix_mem_offset(const void *restrict addr, size_t len, off_t *restrict off, size_t *restrict contig_len, int *restrict fildes); DESCRIPTION
The posix_mem_offset() function shall return in the variable pointed to by off a value that identifies the offset (or location), within a memory object, of the memory block currently mapped at addr. The function shall return in the variable pointed to by fildes, the descriptor used (via mmap()) to establish the mapping which contains addr. If that descriptor was closed since the mapping was established, the returned value of fildes shall be -1. The len argument specifies the length of the block of the memory object the user wishes the offset for; upon return, the value pointed to by contig_len shall equal either len, or the length of the largest contiguous block of the memory object that is currently mapped to the calling process starting at addr, whichever is smaller. If the memory object mapped at addr is a typed memory object, then if the off and contig_len values obtained by calling posix_mem_offset() are used in a call to mmap() with a file descriptor that refers to the same memory pool as fildes (either through the same port or through a different port), and that was opened with neither the POSIX_TYPED_MEM_ALLOCATE nor the POSIX_TYPED_MEM_ALLOCATE_CONTIG flag, the typed memory area that is mapped shall be exactly the same area that was mapped at addr in the address space of the process that called posix_mem_offset(). If the memory object specified by fildes is not a typed memory object, then the behavior of this function is implementation-defined. RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, the posix_mem_offset() function shall return zero; otherwise, the corresponding error status value shall be returned. ERRORS
The posix_mem_offset() function shall fail if: EACCES The process has not mapped a memory object supported by this function at the given address addr. This function shall not return an error code of [EINTR]. The following sections are informative. EXAMPLES
None. APPLICATION USAGE
None. RATIONALE
None. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None. SEE ALSO
mmap() , posix_typed_mem_open() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/mman.h> COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . IEEE
/The Open Group 2003 POSIX_MEM_OFFSET(P)

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POSIX_TYPED_MEM_GET_INFO(3P)				     POSIX Programmer's Manual				      POSIX_TYPED_MEM_GET_INFO(3P)

PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond- ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux. NAME
posix_typed_mem_get_info - query typed memory information (ADVANCED REALTIME) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mman.h> int posix_typed_mem_get_info(int fildes, struct posix_typed_mem_info *info); DESCRIPTION
The posix_typed_mem_get_info() function shall return, in the posix_tmi_length field of the posix_typed_mem_info structure pointed to by info, the maximum length which may be successfully allocated by the typed memory object designated by fildes. This maximum length shall take into account the flag POSIX_TYPED_MEM_ALLOCATE or POSIX_TYPED_MEM_ALLOCATE_CONTIG specified when the typed memory object represented by fildes was opened. The maximum length is dynamic; therefore, the value returned is valid only while the current mapping of the corre- sponding typed memory pool remains unchanged. If fildes represents a typed memory object opened with neither the POSIX_TYPED_MEM_ALLOCATE flag nor the POSIX_TYPED_MEM_ALLOCATE_CONTIG flag specified, the returned value of info->posix_tmi_length is unspecified. The posix_typed_mem_get_info() function may return additional implementation-defined information in other fields of the posix_typed_mem_info structure pointed to by info. If the memory object specified by fildes is not a typed memory object, then the behavior of this function is undefined. RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, the posix_typed_mem_get_info() function shall return zero; otherwise, the corresponding error status value shall be returned. ERRORS
The posix_typed_mem_get_info() function shall fail if: EBADF The fildes argument is not a valid open file descriptor. ENODEV The fildes argument is not connected to a memory object supported by this function. This function shall not return an error code of [EINTR]. The following sections are informative. EXAMPLES
None. APPLICATION USAGE
None. RATIONALE
An application that needs to allocate a block of typed memory with length dependent upon the amount of memory currently available must either query the typed memory object to obtain the amount available, or repeatedly invoke mmap() attempting to guess an appropriate length. While the latter method is existing practice with malloc(), it is awkward and imprecise. The posix_typed_mem_get_info() function allows an application to immediately determine available memory. This is particularly important for typed memory objects that may in some cases be scarce resources. Note that when a typed memory pool is a shared resource, some form of mutual-exclusion or synchronization may be required while typed memory is being queried and allocated to prevent race conditions. The existing fstat() function is not suitable for this purpose. We realize that implementations may wish to provide other attributes of typed memory objects (for example, alignment requirements, page size, and so on). The fstat() function returns a structure which is not extensible and, furthermore, contains substantial information that is inappropriate for typed memory objects. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None. SEE ALSO
fstat(), mmap(), posix_typed_mem_open(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/mman.h> COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . IEEE
/The Open Group 2003 POSIX_TYPED_MEM_GET_INFO(3P)

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