# nextafterf(3) [linux man page]

NEXTAFTER(3) Linux Programmer's Manual NEXTAFTER(3)NAME

nextafter, nextafterf, nextafterl, nexttoward, nexttowardf, nexttowardl - floating-point number manipulationSYNOPSIS

#include <math.h> double nextafter(double x, double y); float nextafterf(float x, float y); long double nextafterl(long double x, long double y); double nexttoward(double x, long double y); float nexttowardf(float x, long double y); long double nexttowardl(long double x, long double y); Link withFeature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): nextafter(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc-lm.nextafterf(), nextafterl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc-std=c99nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), nexttowardl(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc-std=c99-std=c99DESCRIPTION

The nextafter() functions return the next representable floating-point value following x in the direction of y. If y is less than x, these functions will return the largest representable number less than x. If x equals y, the functions return y. The nexttoward() functions do the same as the nextafter() functions, except that they have a long double second argument.RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the next representable floating-point value after x in the direction of y. If x equals y, then y (cast to the same type as x) is returned. If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned. If x is finite, and the result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respec- tively, with the correct mathematical sign. If x is not equal to y, and the correct function result would be subnormal, zero, or underflow, a range error occurs, and either the cor- rect value (if it can be represented), or 0.0, is returned.ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions. The following errors can occur: Range error: result overflow An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised. Range error: result is subnormal or underflows An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised. These functions do not set errno.CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. This function is defined in IEC 559 (and the appendix with recommended functions in IEEE 754/IEEE 854).BUGS

In glibc version 2.5 and earlier, these functions do not raise an underflow floating-point (FE_UNDERFLOW) exception when an underflow occurs.SEE ALSO

nearbyint(3)COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.GNU

2010-09-20 NEXTAFTER(3)

## Check Out this Related Man Page

NEXTAFTER(3) Linux Programmer's Manual NEXTAFTER(3)NAME

nextafter, nextafterf, nextafterl, nexttoward, nexttowardf, nexttowardl - floating-point number manipulationSYNOPSIS

#include <math.h> double nextafter(double x, double y); float nextafterf(float x, float y); long double nextafterl(long double x, long double y); double nexttoward(double x, long double y); float nexttowardf(float x, long double y); long double nexttowardl(long double x, long double y); Link withFeature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): nextafter(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc-lm.nextafterf(), nextafterl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc-std=c99nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), nexttowardl(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L; or cc-std=c99-std=c99DESCRIPTION

The nextafter() functions return the next representable floating-point value following x in the direction of y. If y is less than x, these functions will return the largest representable number less than x. If x equals y, the functions return y. The nexttoward() functions do the same as the nextafter() functions, except that they have a long double second argument.RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the next representable floating-point value after x in the direction of y. If x equals y, then y (cast to the same type as x) is returned. If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned. If x is finite, and the result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respec- tively, with the correct mathematical sign. If x is not equal to y, and the correct function result would be subnormal, zero, or underflow, a range error occurs, and either the cor- rect value (if it can be represented), or 0.0, is returned.ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions. The following errors can occur: Range error: result overflow An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised. Range error: result is subnormal or underflows An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised. These functions do not set errno.CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. This function is defined in IEC 559 (and the appendix with recommended functions in IEEE 754/IEEE 854).BUGS

In glibc version 2.5 and earlier, these functions do not raise an underflow floating-point (FE_UNDERFLOW) exception when an underflow occurs.SEE ALSO

nearbyint(3)COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.GNU

2010-09-20 NEXTAFTER(3)