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Linux 2.6 - man page for mq_timedreceive (linux section 3)

MQ_RECEIVE(3)			    Linux Programmer's Manual			    MQ_RECEIVE(3)

NAME
       mq_receive, mq_timedreceive - receive a message from a message queue

SYNOPSIS
       #include <mqueue.h>

       ssize_t mq_receive(mqd_t mqdes, char *msg_ptr,
			  size_t msg_len, unsigned *msg_prio);

       #include <time.h>
       #include <mqueue.h>

       ssize_t mq_timedreceive(mqd_t mqdes, char *msg_ptr,
			  size_t msg_len, unsigned *msg_prio,
			  const struct timespec *abs_timeout);

       Link with -lrt.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       mq_timedreceive():
	   _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

DESCRIPTION
       mq_receive()  removes  the oldest message with the highest priority from the message queue
       referred to by the descriptor mqdes, and places it in the buffer pointed  to  by  msg_ptr.
       The  msg_len argument specifies the size of the buffer pointed to by msg_ptr; this must be
       greater than or equalt to the mq_msgsize attribute of the queue (see  mq_getattr(3)).   If
       msg_prio  is  not  NULL, then the buffer to which it points is used to return the priority
       associated with the received message.

       If the queue is empty, then, by default,  mq_receive()  blocks  until  a  message  becomes
       available,  or  the  call  is  interrupted by a signal handler.	If the O_NONBLOCK flag is
       enabled for the message queue description, then the call instead  fails	immediately  with
       the error EAGAIN.

       mq_timedreceive()  behaves  just  like mq_receive(), except that if the queue is empty and
       the O_NONBLOCK flag is not enabled for the message  queue  description,	then  abs_timeout
       points to a structure which specifies a ceiling on the time for which the call will block.
       This ceiling is an absolute timeout in seconds and nanoseconds since the Epoch, 1970-01-01
       00:00:00 +0000 (UTC), and it is specified in the following structure:

	   struct timespec {
	       time_t tv_sec;	     /* seconds */
	       long   tv_nsec;	     /* nanoseconds */
	   };

       If  no  message is available, and the timeout has already expired by the time of the call,
       mq_timedreceive() returns immediately.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, mq_receive() and mq_timedreceive() return the number of bytes in the  received
       message; on error, -1 is returned, with errno set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       EAGAIN The queue was empty, and the O_NONBLOCK flag was set for the message queue descrip-
	      tion referred to by mqdes.

       EBADF  The descriptor specified in mqdes was invalid.

       EINTR  The call was interrupted by a signal handler; see signal(7).

       EINVAL The call would have blocked, and abs_timeout was invalid, either because tv_sec was
	      less than zero, or because tv_nsec was less than zero or greater than 1000 million.

       EMSGSIZE
	      msg_len was less than the mq_msgsize attribute of the message queue.

       ETIMEDOUT
	      The call timed out before a message could be transferred.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES
       On  Linux, mq_timedreceive() is a system call, and mq_receive() is a library function lay-
       ered on top of that system call.

SEE ALSO
       mq_close(3), mq_getattr(3), mq_notify(3), mq_open(3), mq_send(3),  mq_unlink(3),  mq_over-
       view(7), time(7)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project,    and	  information	 about	  reporting    bugs,	can    be    found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2013-11-08				    MQ_RECEIVE(3)


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