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memchr(3) [linux man page]

MEMCHR(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 MEMCHR(3)

NAME
memchr, memrchr, rawmemchr - scan memory for a character SYNOPSIS
#include <string.h> void *memchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n); void *memrchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n); void *rawmemchr(const void *s, int c); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): memrchr(), rawmemchr(): _GNU_SOURCE DESCRIPTION
The memchr() function scans the first n bytes of the memory area pointed to by s for the character c. The first byte to match c (inter- preted as an unsigned character) stops the operation. The memrchr() function is like the memchr() function, except that it searches backwards from the end of the n bytes pointed to by s instead of forwards from the beginning. The rawmemchr() function is similar to memchr(): it assumes (i.e., the programmer knows for certain) that the character c lies somewhere in the string s, and so performs an optimized search for the character c (i.e., no checking for the terminating null byte, or use of an argu- ment, n, to limit the range of the search). If the character c is not in the string s, then rawmemchr() may proceed to search beyond the end of the string, and the result is unspecified. The folowing call is a fast means of locating a string's terminating null byte: char *p = rawmemchr(s, ''); RETURN VALUE
The memchr() and memrchr() functions return a pointer to the matching byte or NULL if the character does not occur in the given memory area. The rawmemchr() function returns a pointer to the matching byte, if one is found. If no matching byte is found, the result is unspecified. VERSIONS
rawmemchr() first appeared in glibc in version 2.1. memrchr() first appeared in glibc in version 2.2. CONFORMING TO
The memchr() function conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001. The memrchr() function is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1.91. The rawmemchr() function is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1. SEE ALSO
ffs(3), index(3), rindex(3), strchr(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), wmemchr(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2009-12-04 MEMCHR(3)

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MEMCHR(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 MEMCHR(3)

NAME
memchr, memrchr, rawmemchr - scan memory for a character SYNOPSIS
#include <string.h> void *memchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n); void *memrchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n); void *rawmemchr(const void *s, int c); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): memrchr(), rawmemchr(): _GNU_SOURCE DESCRIPTION
The memchr() function scans the initial n bytes of the memory area pointed to by s for the first instance of c. Both c and the bytes of the memory area pointed to by s are interpreted as unsigned char. The memrchr() function is like the memchr() function, except that it searches backward from the end of the n bytes pointed to by s instead of forward from the beginning. The rawmemchr() function is similar to memchr(): it assumes (i.e., the programmer knows for certain) that an instance of c lies somewhere in the memory area starting at the location pointed to by s, and so performs an optimized search for c (i.e., no use of a count argument to limit the range of the search). If an instance of c is not found, the results are unpredictable. The following call is a fast means of locating a string's terminating null byte: char *p = rawmemchr(s, ''); RETURN VALUE
The memchr() and memrchr() functions return a pointer to the matching byte or NULL if the character does not occur in the given memory area. The rawmemchr() function returns a pointer to the matching byte, if one is found. If no matching byte is found, the result is unspecified. VERSIONS
rawmemchr() first appeared in glibc in version 2.1. memrchr() first appeared in glibc in version 2.2. CONFORMING TO
The memchr() function conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001. The memrchr() function is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1.91. The rawmemchr() function is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1. SEE ALSO
ffs(3), index(3), rindex(3), strchr(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), wmemchr(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2012-04-23 MEMCHR(3)
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