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MBRTOWC(3)			    Linux Programmer's Manual			       MBRTOWC(3)

NAME
       mbrtowc - convert a multibyte sequence to a wide character

SYNOPSIS
       #include <wchar.h>

       size_t mbrtowc(wchar_t *pwc, const char *s, size_t n, mbstate_t *ps);

DESCRIPTION
       The  main case for this function is when s is not NULL and pwc is not NULL.  In this case,
       the mbrtowc() function inspects at most n bytes of the multibyte  string  starting  at  s,
       extracts the next complete multibyte character, converts it to a wide character and stores
       it at *pwc.  It updates the shift state *ps.  If the converted wide character is not L'\0'
       (the  null  wide character), it returns the number of bytes that were consumed from s.  If
       the converted wide character is L'\0', it resets the shift state *ps to the initial  state
       and returns 0.

       If  the	n  bytes  starting  at s do not contain a complete multibyte character, mbrtowc()
       returns (size_t) -2.  This can happen even if n >= MB_CUR_MAX,  if  the	multibyte  string
       contains redundant shift sequences.

       If  the	multibyte  string starting at s contains an invalid multibyte sequence before the
       next complete character, mbrtowc() returns (size_t) -1 and sets errno to EILSEQ.  In  this
       case, the effects on *ps are undefined.

       A  different case is when s is not NULL but pwc is NULL.  In this case the mbrtowc() func-
       tion behaves as above, except that it does not store the converted wide character in  mem-
       ory.

       A  third  case is when s is NULL.  In this case, pwc and n are ignored.	If the conversion
       state represented by *ps denotes an incomplete multibyte character  conversion,	the  mbr-
       towc()  function returns (size_t) -1, sets errno to EILSEQ, and leaves *ps in an undefined
       state.  Otherwise, the mbrtowc() function puts *ps in the initial state and returns 0.

       In all of the above cases, if ps is a NULL pointer, a static anonymous state known only to
       the  mbrtowc() function is used instead.  Otherwise, *ps must be a valid mbstate_t object.
       An mbstate_t object a can be initialized to the initial state by zeroing it,  for  example
       using

	   memset(&a, 0, sizeof(a));

RETURN VALUE
       The  mbrtowc()  function  returns  the  number of bytes parsed from the multibyte sequence
       starting at s, if a non-L'\0' wide character was recognized.  It returns  0,  if  a  L'\0'
       wide  character	was  recognized.   It returns (size_t) -1 and sets errno to EILSEQ, if an
       invalid multibyte sequence was encountered.  It returns (size_t) -2 if it couldn't parse a
       complete multibyte character, meaning that n should be increased.

ATTRIBUTES
   Multithreading (see pthreads(7))
       The  mbrtowc()  function  is thread-safe with exceptions.  It is not thread-safe if called
       with a NULL ps parameter.

CONFORMING TO
       C99.

NOTES
       The behavior of mbrtowc() depends on the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale.

SEE ALSO
       mbsrtowcs(3)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU					    2013-06-21				       MBRTOWC(3)
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