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ERF(3)				    Linux Programmer's Manual				   ERF(3)

NAME
       erf, erff, erfl, - error function

SYNOPSIS
       #include <math.h>

       double erf(double x);
       float erff(float x);
       long double erfl(long double x);

       Link with -lm.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       erf():
	   _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
	   _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
	   or cc -std=c99
       erff(), erfl():
	   _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
	   _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
	   or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION
       The erf() function returns the error function of x, defined as

	   erf(x) = 2/sqrt(pi)* integral from 0 to x of exp(-t*t) dt

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return the error function of x, a value in the range [-1, 1].

       If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

       If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

       If x is positive infinity (negative infinity), +1 (-1) is returned.

       If x is subnormal, a range error occurs, and the return value is 2*x/sqrt(pi).

ERRORS
       See  math_error(7)  for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when
       calling these functions.

       The following errors can occur:

       Range error: result underflow (x is subnormal)
	      An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

       These functions do not set errno.

ATTRIBUTES
   Multithreading (see pthreads(7))
       The erf(), erff(), and erfl() functions are thread-safe.

CONFORMING TO
       C99, POSIX.1-2001.  The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.

SEE ALSO
       cerf(3), erfc(3), exp(3)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU					    2013-10-29					   ERF(3)
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