Unix/Linux Go Back    


Linux 2.6 - man page for s_time (linux section 1SSL)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


S_TIME(1SSL)				     OpenSSL				     S_TIME(1SSL)

NAME
       s_time - SSL/TLS performance timing program

SYNOPSIS
       openssl s_time [-connect host:port] [-www page] [-cert filename] [-key filename] [-CApath
       directory] [-CAfile filename] [-reuse] [-new] [-verify depth] [-nbio] [-time seconds]
       [-ssl2] [-ssl3] [-bugs] [-cipher cipherlist]

DESCRIPTION
       The s_client command implements a generic SSL/TLS client which connects to a remote host
       using SSL/TLS. It can request a page from the server and includes the time to transfer the
       payload data in its timing measurements. It measures the number of connections within a
       given timeframe, the amount of data transferred (if any), and calculates the average time
       spent for one connection.

OPTIONS
       -connect host:port
	   This specifies the host and optional port to connect to.

       -www page
	   This specifies the page to GET from the server. A value of '/' gets the index.htm[l]
	   page. If this parameter is not specified, then s_time will only perform the handshake
	   to establish SSL connections but not transfer any payload data.

       -cert certname
	   The certificate to use, if one is requested by the server. The default is not to use a
	   certificate. The file is in PEM format.

       -key keyfile
	   The private key to use. If not specified then the certificate file will be used. The
	   file is in PEM format.

       -verify depth
	   The verify depth to use. This specifies the maximum length of the server certificate
	   chain and turns on server certificate verification.	Currently the verify operation
	   continues after errors so all the problems with a certificate chain can be seen. As a
	   side effect the connection will never fail due to a server certificate verify failure.

       -CApath directory
	   The directory to use for server certificate verification. This directory must be in
	   "hash format", see verify for more information. These are also used when building the
	   client certificate chain.

       -CAfile file
	   A file containing trusted certificates to use during server authentication and to use
	   when attempting to build the client certificate chain.

       -new
	   performs the timing test using a new session ID for each connection.  If neither -new
	   nor -reuse are specified, they are both on by default and executed in sequence.

       -reuse
	   performs the timing test using the same session ID; this can be used as a test that
	   session caching is working. If neither -new nor -reuse are specified, they are both on
	   by default and executed in sequence.

       -nbio
	   turns on non-blocking I/O.

       -ssl2, -ssl3
	   these options disable the use of certain SSL or TLS protocols. By default the initial
	   handshake uses a method which should be compatible with all servers and permit them to
	   use SSL v3, SSL v2 or TLS as appropriate.  The timing program is not as rich in
	   options to turn protocols on and off as the s_client(1) program and may not connect to
	   all servers.

	   Unfortunately there are a lot of ancient and broken servers in use which cannot handle
	   this technique and will fail to connect. Some servers only work if TLS is turned off
	   with the -ssl3 option; others will only support SSL v2 and may need the -ssl2 option.

       -bugs
	   there are several known bug in SSL and TLS implementations. Adding this option enables
	   various workarounds.

       -cipher cipherlist
	   this allows the cipher list sent by the client to be modified. Although the server
	   determines which cipher suite is used it should take the first supported cipher in the
	   list sent by the client.  See the ciphers(1) command for more information.

       -time length
	   specifies how long (in seconds) s_time should establish connections and optionally
	   transfer payload data from a server. Server and client performance and the link speed
	   determine how many connections s_time can establish.

NOTES
       s_client can be used to measure the performance of an SSL connection.  To connect to an
       SSL HTTP server and get the default page the command

	openssl s_time -connect servername:443 -www / -CApath yourdir -CAfile yourfile.pem -cipher commoncipher [-ssl3]

       would typically be used (https uses port 443). 'commoncipher' is a cipher to which both
       client and server can agree, see the ciphers(1) command for details.

       If the handshake fails then there are several possible causes, if it is nothing obvious
       like no client certificate then the -bugs, -ssl2, -ssl3 options can be tried in case it is
       a buggy server. In particular you should play with these options before submitting a bug
       report to an OpenSSL mailing list.

       A frequent problem when attempting to get client certificates working is that a web client
       complains it has no certificates or gives an empty list to choose from. This is normally
       because the server is not sending the clients certificate authority in its "acceptable CA
       list" when it requests a certificate. By using s_client(1) the CA list can be viewed and
       checked. However some servers only request client authentication after a specific URL is
       requested. To obtain the list in this case it is necessary to use the -prexit option of
       s_client(1) and send an HTTP request for an appropriate page.

       If a certificate is specified on the command line using the -cert option it will not be
       used unless the server specifically requests a client certificate. Therefor merely
       including a client certificate on the command line is no guarantee that the certificate
       works.

BUGS
       Because this program does not have all the options of the s_client(1) program to turn
       protocols on and off, you may not be able to measure the performance of all protocols with
       all servers.

       The -verify option should really exit if the server verification fails.

SEE ALSO
       s_client(1), s_server(1), ciphers(1)

1.0.0e					    2004-01-08				     S_TIME(1SSL)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 01:37 AM.