MYSQLSLAP(1) MySQL Database System MYSQLSLAP(1)
mysqlslap - load emulation client
mysqlslap is a diagnostic program designed to emulate client load for a MySQL server and
to report the timing of each stage. It works as if multiple clients are accessing the
Invoke mysqlslap like this:
shell> mysqlslap [options]
Some options such as --create or --query enable you to specify a string containing an SQL
statement or a file containing statements. If you specify a file, by default it must
contain one statement per line. (That is, the implicit statement delimiter is the newline
character.) Use the --delimiter option to specify a different delimiter, which enables you
to specify statements that span multiple lines or place multiple statements on a single
line. You cannot include comments in a file; mysqlslap does not understand them.
mysqlslap runs in three stages:
1. Create schema, table, and optionally any stored programs or data to use for the test.
This stage uses a single client connection.
2. Run the load test. This stage can use many client connections.
3. Clean up (disconnect, drop table if specified). This stage uses a single client
Supply your own create and query SQL statements, with 50 clients querying and 200 selects
for each (enter the command on a single line):
--create="CREATE TABLE a (b int);INSERT INTO a VALUES (23)"
--query="SELECT * FROM a" --concurrency=50 --iterations=200
Let mysqlslap build the query SQL statement with a table of two INT columns and three
VARCHAR columns. Use five clients querying 20 times each. Do not create the table or
insert the data (that is, use the previous test's schema and data):
mysqlslap --concurrency=5 --iterations=20
Tell the program to load the create, insert, and query SQL statements from the specified
files, where the create.sql file has multiple table creation statements delimited by ';'
and multiple insert statements delimited by ';'. The --query file will have multiple
queries delimited by ';'. Run all the load statements, then run all the queries in the
query file with five clients (five times each):
--iterations=5 --query=query.sql --create=create.sql
mysqlslap supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or in
the [mysqlslap] and [client] groups of an option file. mysqlslap also supports the
options for processing option files described at Section 22.214.171.124, "Command-Line Options
that Affect Option-File Handling".
o --help, -?
Display a help message and exit.
o --auto-generate-sql, -a
Generate SQL statements automatically when they are not supplied in files or using
Add an AUTO_INCREMENT column to automatically generated tables.
Specify how many queries to generate automatically.
Add a GUID-based primary key to automatically generated tables.
Specify the test load type. The permissible values are read (scan tables), write
(insert into tables), key (read primary keys), update (update primary keys), or mixed
(half inserts, half scanning selects). The default is mixed.
Specify how many secondary indexes to add to automatically generated tables. By
default, none are added.
How many different queries to generate for automatic tests. For example, if you run a
key test that performs 1000 selects, you can use this option with a value of 1000 to
run 1000 unique queries, or with a value of 50 to perform 50 different selects. The
default is 10.
How many different queries to generate for --auto-generate-sql-write-number. The
default is 10.
How many row inserts to perform on each thread. The default is 100.
How many statements to execute before committing. The default is 0 (no commits are
o --compress, -C
Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support
o --concurrency=N, -c N
The number of clients to simulate when issuing the SELECT statement.
The file or string containing the statement to use for creating the table.
The schema in which to run the tests.
If the --auto-generate-sql option is also given, mysqlslap drops the schema at the
end of the test run. To avoid this, use the --no-drop option as well.
Generate output in comma-separated values format. The output goes to the named file,
or to the standard output if no file is given.
o --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]
Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is d:t:o,file_name. The default
Print some debugging information when the program exits.
o --debug-info, -T
Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics when the program
The client-side authentication plugin to use. See Section 6.3.6, "Pluggable
This option was added in MySQL 5.5.10.
o --delimiter=str, -F str
The delimiter to use in SQL statements supplied in files or using command options.
Detach (close and reopen) each connection after each N statements. The default is 0
(connections are not detached).
Enable the mysql_clear_password cleartext authentication plugin. (See Section 126.96.36.199,
"The Cleartext Client-Side Authentication Plugin".) This option was added in MySQL
o --engine=engine_name, -e engine_name
The storage engine to use for creating tables.
o --host=host_name, -h host_name
Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.
o --iterations=N, -i N
The number of times to run the tests.
Prevent mysqlslap from dropping any schema it creates during the test run. This option
was added in MySQL 5.5.12.
o --number-char-cols=N, -x N
The number of VARCHAR columns to use if --auto-generate-sql is specified.
o --number-int-cols=N, -y N
The number of INT columns to use if --auto-generate-sql is specified.
Limit each client to approximately this many queries. Query counting takes into
account the statement delimiter. For example, if you invoke mysqlslap as follows, the
; delimiter is recognized so that each instance of the query string counts as two
queries. As a result, 5 rows (not 10) are inserted.
shell> mysqlslap --delimiter=";" --number-of-queries=10
--query="use test;insert into t values(null)"
Do not connect to databases. mysqlslap only prints what it would have done.
o --password[=password], -p[password]
The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form
(-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the
password value following the --password or -p option on the command line, mysqlslap
prompts for one.
Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See
Section 188.8.131.52, "End-User Guidelines for Password Security". You can use an option
file to avoid giving the password on the command line.
o --pipe, -W
On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option applies only if the
server supports named-pipe connections.
The directory in which to look for plugins. It may be necessary to specify this option
if the --default-auth option is used to specify an authentication plugin but mysqlslap
does not find it. See Section 6.3.6, "Pluggable Authentication".
This option was added in MySQL 5.5.10.
o --port=port_num, -P port_num
The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.
The file or string containing the statement to execute after the tests have completed.
This execution is not counted for timing purposes.
On Windows, the shared-memory name to use, for connections made using shared memory to
a local server. This option applies only if the server supports shared-memory
The string to execute using system() after the tests have completed. This execution is
not counted for timing purposes.
The file or string containing the statement to execute before running the tests. This
execution is not counted for timing purposes.
The string to execute using system() before running the tests. This execution is not
counted for timing purposes.
The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is useful when the
other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to be used other than the
one you want. For details on the permissible values, see Section 4.2.2, "Connecting to
the MySQL Server".
o --query=value, -q value
The file or string containing the SELECT statement to use for retrieving data.
o --silent, -s
Silent mode. No output.
o --socket=path, -S path
For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of
the named pipe to use.
Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the server using SSL and
indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Section 184.108.40.206, "SSL Command
o --user=user_name, -u user_name
The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.
o --verbose, -v
Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does. This option can be
used multiple times to increase the amount of information.
o --version, -V
Display version information and exit.
Copyright (C) 1997, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
version 2 of the License.
This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program;
if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be
installed locally and which is also available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.
Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).
MySQL 5.5 01/30/2014 MYSQLSLAP(1)