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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #767
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A victim cache is a cache used to hold blocks evicted from a CPU cache upon replacement.
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lscpu(1) [linux man page]

LSCPU(1)							   User Manuals 							  LSCPU(1)

NAME
lscpu - CPU architecture information helper SYNOPSIS
lscpu [-hpx] [-s directory] DESCRIPTION
lscpu gathers CPU architecture information like number of CPUs, threads, cores, sockets, NUMA nodes, information about CPU caches, CPU fam- ily, model, bogoMIPS, byte order and stepping from sysfs and /proc/cpuinfo, and prints it in a human-readable format. It supports both online and offline CPUs. It can also print out in a parsable format, including how different caches are shared by different CPUs, which can be fed to other programs. OPTIONS
-h, --help Print a help message. -p, --parse Print out in parsable instead of human-readable format. -s, --sysroot directory Use the specified directory as system root. This allows you to inspect a snapshot from a different system. -x, --hex Use hexadecimal masks for CPU sets (e.g. 0x3). The default is to print the sets in list format (e.g. 0,1). BUGS
The basic overview about CPU family, model, etc. is always based on the first CPU only. Sometimes in Xen Dom0 the kernel reports wrong data. AUTHOR
Cai Qian <qcai@redhat.com> Karel Zak <kzak@redhat.com> AVAILABILITY
The lscpu command is part of the util-linux package and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/. Linux February 2011 LSCPU(1)

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LSCPU(1)							   User Commands							  LSCPU(1)

NAME
lscpu - display information about the CPU architecture SYNOPSIS
lscpu [-a|-b|-c|-J] [-x] [-y] [-s directory] [-e[=list]|-p[=list]] lscpu -h|-V DESCRIPTION
lscpu gathers CPU architecture information from sysfs, /proc/cpuinfo and any applicable architecture-specific libraries (e.g. librtas on Powerpc). The command output can be optimized for parsing or for easy readability by humans. The information includes, for example, the number of CPUs, threads, cores, sockets, and Non-Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) nodes. There is also information about the CPU caches and cache sharing, family, model, bogoMIPS, byte order, and stepping. In virtualized environments, the CPU architecture information displayed reflects the configuration of the guest operating system which is typically different from the physical (host) system. On architectures that support retrieving physical topology information, lscpu also displays the number of physical sockets, chips, cores in the host system. Options that result in an output table have a list argument. Use this argument to customize the command output. Specify a comma-separated list of column labels to limit the output table to only the specified columns, arranged in the specified order. See COLUMNS for a list of valid column labels. The column labels are not case sensitive. Not all columns are supported on all architectures. If an unsupported column is specified, lscpu prints the column but does not provide any data for it. COLUMNS Note that topology elements (core, socket, etc.) use a sequential unique ID starting from zero, but CPU logical numbers follow the kernel where there is no guarantee of sequential numbering. CPU The logical CPU number of a CPU as used by the Linux kernel. CORE The logical core number. A core can contain several CPUs. SOCKET The logical socket number. A socket can contain several cores. BOOK The logical book number. A book can contain several sockets. DRAWER The logical drawer number. A drawer can contain several books. NODE The logical NUMA node number. A node can contain several drawers. CACHE Information about how caches are shared between CPUs. ADDRESS The physical address of a CPU. ONLINE Indicator that shows whether the Linux instance currently makes use of the CPU. CONFIGURED Indicator that shows if the hypervisor has allocated the CPU to the virtual hardware on which the Linux instance runs. CPUs that are configured can be set online by the Linux instance. This column contains data only if your hardware system and hypervisor sup- port dynamic CPU resource allocation. POLARIZATION This column contains data for Linux instances that run on virtual hardware with a hypervisor that can switch the CPU dispatching mode (polarization). The polarization can be: horizontal The workload is spread across all available CPUs. vertical The workload is concentrated on few CPUs. For vertical polarization, the column also shows the degree of concentration, high, medium, or low. This column contains data only if your hardware system and hypervisor support CPU polarization. MAXMHZ Maximum megahertz value for the CPU. Useful when lscpu is used as hardware inventory information gathering tool. Notice that the megahertz value is dynamic, and driven by CPU governor depending on current resource need. MINMHZ Minimum megahertz value for the CPU. OPTIONS
-a, --all Include lines for online and offline CPUs in the output (default for -e). This option may only be specified together with option -e or -p. -b, --online Limit the output to online CPUs (default for -p). This option may only be specified together with option -e or -p. -c, --offline Limit the output to offline CPUs. This option may only be specified together with option -e or -p. -e, --extended[=list] Display the CPU information in human-readable format. If the list argument is omitted, all columns for which data is available are included in the command output. When specifying the list argument, the string of option, equal sign (=), and list must not contain any blanks or other whitespace. Examples: '-e=cpu,node' or '--extended=cpu,node'. -h, --help Display help text and exit. -J, --json Use JSON output format for the default summary or extended output (see --extended). -p, --parse[=list] Optimize the command output for easy parsing. If the list argument is omitted, the command output is compatible with earlier versions of lscpu. In this compatible format, two commas are used to separate CPU cache columns. If no CPU caches are identified the cache column is omitted. If the list argument is used, cache columns are separated with a colon (:). When specifying the list argument, the string of option, equal sign (=), and list must not contain any blanks or other whitespace. Examples: '-p=cpu,node' or '--parse=cpu,node'. -s, --sysroot directory Gather CPU data for a Linux instance other than the instance from which the lscpu command is issued. The specified directory is the system root of the Linux instance to be inspected. -x, --hex Use hexadecimal masks for CPU sets (for example 0x3). The default is to print the sets in list format (for example 0,1). -y, --physical Display physical IDs for all columns with topology elements (core, socket, etc.). Other than logical IDs, which are assigned by lscpu, physical IDs are platform-specific values that are provided by the kernel. Physical IDs are not necessarily unique and they might not be arranged sequentially. If the kernel could not retrieve a physical ID for an element lscpu prints the dash (-) charac- ter. The CPU logical numbers are not affected by this option. -V, --version Display version information and exit. BUGS
The basic overview of CPU family, model, etc. is always based on the first CPU only. Sometimes in Xen Dom0 the kernel reports wrong data. On virtual hardware the number of cores per socket, etc. can be wrong. AUTHOR
Cai Qian <qcai@redhat.com> Karel Zak <kzak@redhat.com> Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> SEE ALSO
chcpu(8) AVAILABILITY
The lscpu command is part of the util-linux package and is available from https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/. util-linux November 2015 LSCPU(1)

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