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NANO(1) 										  NANO(1)

NAME
       nano - Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone

SYNOPSIS
       nano [OPTIONS] [[+LINE,COLUMN] FILE]...

DESCRIPTION
       This manual page briefly documents the nano command.

       nano  is  a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico, the default editor
       included in the non-free Pine package.  Rather than just copying  Pico's  look  and  feel,
       nano  also  implements  some  missing  (or  disabled by default) features in Pico, such as
       "search and replace" and "go to line and column number".

OPTIONS
       +LINE,COLUMN
	      Places cursor at line number LINE and column number COLUMN (at least one	of  which
	      must be specified) on startup, instead of the default of line 1, column 1.

       -?     Same as -h (--help).

       -A (--smarthome)
	      Make the Home key smarter.  When Home is pressed anywhere but at the very beginning
	      of non-whitespace characters on a line, the cursor  will	jump  to  that	beginning
	      (either forwards or backwards).  If the cursor is already at that position, it will
	      jump to the true beginning of the line.

       -B (--backup)
	      When saving a file, back up the previous version of it to the current filename suf-
	      fixed with a ~.

       -C dir (--backupdir=dir)
	      Set the directory where nano puts unique backup files if file backups are enabled.

       -D (--boldtext)
	      Use bold text instead of reverse video text.

       -E (--tabstospaces)
	      Convert typed tabs to spaces.

       -F (--multibuffer)
	      Enable multiple file buffers, if available.

       -H (--historylog)
	      Log  search  and	replace  strings  to ~/.nano_history, so they can be retrieved in
	      later sessions, if nanorc support is available.

       -I (--ignorercfiles)
	      Don't look at SYSCONFDIR/nanorc or ~/.nanorc, if nanorc support is available.

       -K (--rebindkeypad)
	      Interpret the numeric keypad keys so that they all work properly.  You should  only
	      need  to	use  this option if they don't, as mouse support won't work properly with
	      this option enabled.

       -L (--nonewlines)
	      Don't add newlines to the ends of files.

       -N (--noconvert)
	      Disable automatic conversion of files from DOS/Mac format.

       -O (--morespace)
	      Use the blank line below the titlebar as extra editing space.

       -Q str (--quotestr=str)
	      Set the quoting string for justifying.   The  default  is  "^([ \t]*[#:>\|}])+"  if
	      extended	regular expression support is available, or "> " otherwise.  Note that \t
	      stands for a Tab.

       -R (--restricted)
	      Restricted mode: don't read or write to any file not specified on the command line;
	      read  any nanorc files; allow suspending; allow a file to be appended to, prepended
	      to, or saved under a different name if it already has one; or use backup	files  or
	      spell  checking.	Also accessible by invoking nano with any name beginning with 'r'
	      (e.g.  "rnano").

       -S (--smooth)
	      Enable smooth scrolling.	Text will  scroll  line-by-line,  instead  of  the  usual
	      chunk-by-chunk behavior.

       -T cols (--tabsize=cols)
	      Set  the	size (width) of a tab to cols columns.	The value of cols must be greater
	      than 0.  The default value is 8.

       -U (--quickblank)
	      Do quick statusbar blanking.  Statusbar messages will disappear after  1	keystroke
	      instead of 25.  Note that -c overrides this.

       -V (--version)
	      Show the current version number and exit.

       -W (--wordbounds)
	      Detect  word  boundaries more accurately by treating punctuation characters as part
	      of a word.

       -Y str (--syntax=str)
	      Specify a specific syntax highlighting from the nanorc to use, if available.

       -c (--const)
	      Constantly show the cursor position.  Note that this overrides -U.

       -d (--rebinddelete)
	      Interpret the Delete key differently so that both Backspace and Delete  work  prop-
	      erly.   You  should  only  need to use this option if Backspace acts like Delete on
	      your system.

       -h (--help)
	      Show a summary of command line options and exit.

       -i (--autoindent)
	      Indent new lines to the previous line's indentation.  Useful  when  editing  source
	      code.

       -k (--cut)
	      Enable cut from cursor to end of line.

       -l (--nofollow)
	      If  the  file  being  edited  is	a symbolic link, replace the link with a new file
	      instead of following it.	Good for editing files in /tmp, perhaps?

       -m (--mouse)
	      Enable mouse support, if available for your system.  When enabled, mouse clicks can
	      be used to place the cursor, set the mark (with a double click), and execute short-
	      cuts.  The mouse will work in the X Window System, and on the console when  gpm  is
	      running.

       -o dir (--operatingdir=dir)
	      Set operating directory.	Makes nano set up something similar to a chroot.

       -p (--preserve)
	      Preserve	the XON and XOFF sequences (^Q and ^S) so they will be caught by the ter-
	      minal.

       -q (--quiet)
	      Do not report errors in the nanorc file and ask them to be acknowledged by pressing
	      Enter at startup.

       -r cols (--fill=cols)
	      Wrap  lines at column cols.  If this value is 0 or less, wrapping will occur at the
	      width of the screen less cols columns, allowing the wrap point to vary  along  with
	      the width of the screen if the screen is resized.  The default value is -8.

       -s prog (--speller=prog)
	      Enable alternative spell checker command.

       -t (--tempfile)
	      Always save changed buffer without prompting.  Same as Pico's -t option.

       -u (--undo)
	      Enable  experimental  generic-purpose  undo  code.   By  default, the undo and redo
	      shortcuts are Meta-U and Meta-E, respectively.

       -v (--view)
	      View file (read only) mode.

       -w (--nowrap)
	      Disable wrapping of long lines.

       -x (--nohelp)
	      Disable help screen at bottom of editor.

       -z (--suspend)
	      Enable suspend ability.

       -$ (--softwrap)
	      Enable 'soft wrapping'.  nano will attempt to display  the  entire  contents  of	a
	      line,  even  if it is longer than the screen width.  Since '$' normally refers to a
	      variable in the Unix shell, you should specify this option last  when  using  other
	      options (e.g. 'nano -wS$') or pass it separately (e.g. 'nano -wS -$').

       -a, -b, -e, -f, -g, -j
	      Ignored, for compatibility with Pico.

INITIALIZATION FILE
       nano  will  read  initialization  files	in  the  following order: SYSCONFDIR/nanorc, then
       ~/.nanorc.  Please see nanorc(5) and the example file nanorc.sample, both of which  should
       be provided with nano.

NOTES
       If  no alternative spell checker command is specified on the command line or in one of the
       nanorc files, nano will check the SPELL environment variable for one.

       In some cases nano will try to dump the buffer into an emergency file.  This  will  happen
       mainly if nano receives a SIGHUP or SIGTERM or runs out of memory.  It will write the buf-
       fer into a file named nano.save if the buffer didn't have a name already, or  will  add	a
       ".save"	suffix	to  the  current  filename.   If an emergency file with that name already
       exists in the current directory, it will add ".save" plus a number (e.g. ".save.1") to the
       current filename in order to make it unique.  In multibuffer mode, nano will write all the
       open buffers to their respective emergency files.

BUGS
       Please send any comments or bug reports to nano@nano-editor.org.

       The nano mailing list is available from nano-devel@gnu.org.

       To subscribe, email to nano-devel-request@gnu.org with a subject of "subscribe".

HOMEPAGE
       http://www.nano-editor.org/

SEE ALSO
       nanorc(5)
       /usr/share/doc/nano/ (or equivalent on your system)

AUTHOR
       Chris Allegretta <chrisa@asty.org>, et al (see AUTHORS and THANKS for details).	This man-
       ual  page  was  originally written by Jordi Mallach <jordi@gnu.org>, for the Debian system
       (but may be used by others).

November 30, 2009			  version 2.2.0 				  NANO(1)
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