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Linux 2.6 - man page for domainname (linux section 1)

HOSTNAME(1)			    Linux Programmer's Manual			      HOSTNAME(1)

NAME
       hostname - show or set the system's host name
       domainname - show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
       ypdomainname - show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
       nisdomainname - show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
       dnsdomainname - show the system's DNS domain name

SYNOPSIS
       hostname  [-v] [-a] [--alias] [-d] [--domain] [-f] [--fqdn] [-A] [--all-fqdns] [-i] [--ip-
       address] [-I] [--all-ip-addresses] [--long] [-s] [--short] [-y] [--yp] [--nis]
       hostname [-v] [-b] [--boot] [-F filename] [--file filename] [hostname]
       hostname [-v] [-h] [--help] [-V] [--version]

       domainname [nisdomain] [-F file]
       ypdomainname [nisdomain] [-F file]
       nisdomainname [nisdomain] [-F file]

       dnsdomainname [-v]

DESCRIPTION
       Hostname is used to display the system's DNS name, and to display or set its  hostname  or
       NIS domain name.

   GET NAME
       When called without any arguments, the program displays the current names:

       hostname will print the name of the system as returned by the gethostname(2) function.

       domainname  will  print	the  NIS  domainname of the system.  domainname uses the gethost-
       name(2) function, while ypdomainname and nisdomainname use the yp_get_default_domain(3).

       dnsdomainname will print the domain part of the FQDN (Fully Qualified  Domain  Name).  The
       complete FQDN of the system is returned with hostname --fqdn (but see the warnings in sec-
       tion THE FQDN below).

   SET NAME
       When called with one argument or with the --file option, the commands set the host name or
       the NIS/YP domain name.	hostname uses the sethostname(2) function, while all of the three
       domainname, ypdomainname and nisdomainname  use	setdomainname(2).   Note,  that  this  is
       effective only until the next reboot.  Edit /etc/hostname for permanent change.

       Note, that only the super-user can change the names.

       It  is  not possible to set the FQDN or the DNS domain name with the dnsdomainname command
       (see THE FQDN below).

       The host name is usually set once at system startup in  /etc/init.d/hostname.sh	(normally
       by reading the contents of a file which contains the host name, e.g.  /etc/hostname).

   THE FQDN
       You  can't  change  the	FQDN  (as returned by hostname --fqdn) or the DNS domain name (as
       returned by dnsdomainname) with this command. The FQDN of the system is the name that  the
       resolver(3) returns for the host name.

       Technically:  The  FQDN	is  the name getaddrinfo(3) returns for the host name returned by
       gethostname(2).	The DNS domain name is the part after the first dot.

       Therefore it depends on the configuration (usually in /etc/host.conf) how you  can  change
       it.  Usually  (if  the  hosts  file  is	parsed	before	DNS  or NIS) you can change it in
       /etc/hosts.

       If a machine has multiple network interfaces/addresses or is used in a mobile environment,
       then  it may either have multiple FQDNs/domain names or none at all. Therefore avoid using
       hostname --fqdn, hostname --domain and dnsdomainname.  hostname --ip-address is subject to
       the same limitations so it should be avoided as well.

OPTIONS
       -a, --alias
	      Display  the alias name of the host (if used). This option is deprecated and should
	      not be used anymore.

       -b, --boot
	      Always set a hostname; this allows the file specified by -F to be  non-existant  or
	      empty,  in  which  case  the default hostname localhost will be used if none is yet
	      set.

       -d, --domain
	      Display the name of the DNS domain.  Don't use the command domainname  to  get  the
	      DNS  domain  name  because  it will show the NIS domain name and not the DNS domain
	      name. Use dnsdomainname instead. Ssee the warnings in section THE FQDN  above,  and
	      avoid using this option.

       -F, --file filename
	      Read  the  host  name from the specified file. Comments (lines starting with a `#')
	      are ignored.

       -f, --fqdn, --long
	      Display the FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name). A FQDN consists  of  a  short  host
	      name and the DNS domain name. Unless you are using bind or NIS for host lookups you
	      can change the FQDN and the DNS domain name (which is part  of  the  FQDN)  in  the
	      /etc/hosts  file.  See the warnings in section THE FQDN above, and avoid using this
	      option; use hostname --all-fqdns instead.

       -A, --all-fqdns
	      Displays all FQDNs of the machine. This option enumerates  all  configured  network
	      addresses  on  all configured network interfaces, and translates them to DNS domain
	      names. Addresses that cannot be translated (i.e. because they do not have an appro-
	      priate reverse DNS entry) are skipped. Note that different addresses may resolve to
	      the same name, therefore the output may contain duplicate entries. Do not make  any
	      assumptions about the order of the output.

       -h, --help
	      Print a usage message and exit.

       -i, --ip-address
	      Display  the network address(es) of the host name. Note that this works only if the
	      host name can be resolved. Avoid using this option; use hostname --all-ip-addresses
	      instead.

       -I, --all-ip-addresses
	      Display  all  network  addresses of the host. This option enumerates all configured
	      addresses on all network interfaces. The loopback  interface  and  IPv6  link-local
	      addresses  are  omitted. Contrary to option -i, this option does not depend on name
	      resolution. Do not make any assumptions about the order of the output.

       -s, --short
	      Display the short host name. This is the host name cut at the first dot.

       -V, --version
	      Print version information on standard output and exit successfully.

       -v, --verbose
	      Be verbose and tell what's going on.

       -y, --yp, --nis
	      Display the NIS domain name. If a parameter is given (or --file name  )  then  root
	      can also set a new NIS domain.

NOTES
       The  address  families  hostname  tries	when  looking  up  the	FQDN, aliases and network
       addresses of the host are determined by the configuration of your resolver.  For instance,
       on GNU Libc systems, the resolver can be instructed to try IPv6 lookups first by using the
       inet6 option in /etc/resolv.conf.

FILES
       /etc/hosts

       /etc/hostname This file should only contain the hostname and not the full FQDN.

AUTHORS
       Peter Tobias, <tobias@et-inf.fho-emden.de>
       Bernd Eckenfels, <net-tools@lina.inka.de> (NIS and manpage).
       Michael Meskes, <meskes@debian.org>

net-tools				    2009-09-16				      HOSTNAME(1)


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