DH_INSTALL(1) Debhelper DH_INSTALL(1)
dh_install - install files into package build directories
dh_install [-Xitem] [--autodest] [--sourcedir=dir] [debhelperoptions] [file...dest]
dh_install is a debhelper program that handles installing files into package build
directories. There are many dh_install* commands that handle installing specific types of
files such as documentation, examples, man pages, and so on, and they should be used when
possible as they often have extra intelligence for those particular tasks. dh_install,
then, is useful for installing everything else, for which no particular intelligence is
needed. It is a replacement for the old dh_movefiles command.
This program may be used in one of two ways. If you just have a file or two that the
upstream Makefile does not install for you, you can run dh_install on them to move them
into place. On the other hand, maybe you have a large package that builds multiple binary
packages. You can use the upstream Makefile to install it all into debian/tmp, and then
use dh_install to copy directories and files from there into the proper package build
From debhelper compatibility level 7 on, dh_install will fall back to looking in
debian/tmp for files, if it doesn't find them in the current directory (or whereever
you've told it to look using --sourcedir).
List the files to install into each package and the directory they should be installed
to. The format is a set of lines, where each line lists a file or files to install,
and at the end of the line tells the directory it should be installed in. The name of
the files (or directories) to install should be given relative to the current
directory, while the installation directory is given relative to the package build
directory. You may use wildcards in the names of the files to install (in v3 mode and
This option makes dh_install keep track of the files it installs, and then at the end,
compare that list with the files in the source directory. If any of the files (and
symlinks) in the source directory were not installed to somewhere, it will warn on
stderr about that.
This may be useful if you have a large package and want to make sure that you don't
miss installing newly added files in new upstream releases.
Note that files that are excluded from being moved via the -X option are not warned
This option is like --list-missing, except if a file was missed, it will not only list
the missing files, but also fail with a nonzero exit code.
Exclude files that contain item anywhere in their filename from being installed.
Look in the specified directory for files to be installed.
Note that this is not the same as the --sourcedirectory option used by the dh_auto_*
commands. You rarely need to use this option, since dh_install automatically looks for
files in debian/tmp in debhelper
compatibility level 7 and above.
Guess as the destination directory to install things to. If this is specified, you
should not list destination directories in debian/package.install files or on the
command line. Instead, dh_install will guess as follows:
Strip off debian/tmp (or the sourcedir if one is given) from the front of the
filename, if it is present, and install into the dirname of the filename. So if the
filename is debian/tmp/usr/bin, then that directory will be copied to
debian/package/usr/. If the filename is debian/tmp/etc/passwd, it will be copied to
Note that if you list exactly one filename or wildcard-pattern on a line by itself in
a debian/package.install file, with no explicit destination, then dh_install will
automatically guess the destination even if this flag is not set.
file ... dest
Lists files (or directories) to install and where to install them to. The files will
be installed into the first package dh_install acts on.
Suppose your package's upstream Makefile installs a binary, a man page, and a library into
appropriate subdirectories of debian/tmp. You want to put the library into package libfoo,
and the rest into package foo. Your rules file will run "dh_install
--sourcedir=debian/tmp". Make debian/foo.install contain:
While debian/libfoo.install contains:
If you want a libfoo-dev package too, debian/libfoo-dev.install might contain:
dh_install cannot rename files or directories, it can only install them with the names
they already have into wherever you want in the package build tree.
This program is a part of debhelper.
Joey Hess <firstname.lastname@example.org>
8.9.0ubuntu2.1 2012-06-12 DH_INSTALL(1)