Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

getenv_long(9) [freebsd man page]

GETENV(9)						   BSD Kernel Developer's Manual						 GETENV(9)

freeenv, getenv, getenv_int, getenv_long, getenv_string, getenv_quad, getenv_uint, getenv_ulong, setenv, testenv, unsetenv -- kernel environ- ment variable functions SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/param.h> #include <sys/systm.h> void freeenv(char *env); char * getenv(const char *name); int getenv_int(const char *name, int *data); int getenv_long(const char *name, long *data); int getenv_string(const char *name, char *data, int size); int getenv_quad(const char *name, quad_t *data); int getenv_uint(const char *name, unsigned int *data); int getenv_ulong(const char *name, unsigned long *data); int setenv(const char *name, const char *value); int testenv(const char *name); int unsetenv(const char *name); DESCRIPTION
These functions set, unset, fetch, and parse variables from the kernel's environment. The getenv() function obtains the current value of the kernel environment variable name and returns a pointer to the string value. The call- er should not modify the string pointed to by the return value. The getenv() function may allocate temporary storage, so the freeenv() function must be called to release any allocated resources when the value returned by getenv() is no longer needed. The env argument passed to freeenv() is the pointer returned by the earlier call to getenv(). The setenv() function inserts or resets the kernel environment variable name to value. If the variable name already exists, its value is replaced. This function can fail if an internal limit on the number of environment variables is exceeded. The unsetenv() function deletes the kernel environment variable name. The testenv() function is used to determine if a kernel environment variable exists. It returns a non-zero value if the variable name exists and zero if it does not. The getenv_int(), getenv_long(), getenv_quad(), getenv_uint(), and getenv_ulong() functions look for a kernel environment variable name and parse it as a signed integer, long integer, signed 64-bit integer, unsigned integer, or an unsigned long integer, respectively. These func- tions fail and return zero if name does not exist or if any invalid characters are present in its value. On success, these function store the parsed value in the integer variable pointed to by data. If the parsed value overflows the integer type, a truncated value is stored in data and zero is returned. If the value begins with a prefix of ``0x'' it is interpreted as hexadecimal. If it begins with a prefix of ``0'' it is interpreted as octal. Otherwise, the value is interpreted as decimal. The value may contain a single character suffix specify- ing a unit for the value. The interpreted value is multipled by the unit's magnitude before being returned. The following unit suffixes are supported: Unit Magnitude k 2^10 m 2^20 g 2^30 t 2^40 The getenv_string() function stores a copy of the kernel environment variable name in the buffer described by data and size. If the variable does not exist, zero is returned. If the variable exists, up to size - 1 characters of it's value are copied to the buffer pointed to by data followed by a null character and a non-zero value is returned. RETURN VALUES
The getenv() function returns a pointer to an environment variable's value on success or NULL if the variable does not exist. The setenv() and unsetenv() functions return zero on success and -1 on failure. The testenv() function returns zero if the specified environment variable does not exist and a non-zero value if it does exist. The getenv_int(), getenv_long(), getenv_string(), getenv_quad(), getenv_uint(), and getenv_ulong() functions return a non-zero value on success and zero on failure. BSD
October 22, 2013 BSD
Man Page