MQPRIO(8) Linux MQPRIO(8)
MQPRIO - Multiqueue Priority Qdisc (Offloaded Hardware QOS)
tc qdisc ... dev dev ( parent classid | root) [ handle major: ] mqprio [ numtc tcs ] [ map P0 P1 P2... ] [ queues count1@offset1
count2@offset2 ... ] [ hw 1|0 ] [ mode dcb|channel] ] [ shaper dcb| [ bw_rlimit min_rate min_rate1 min_rate2 ... max_rate max_rate1
max_rate2 ... ]]
The MQPRIO qdisc is a simple queuing discipline that allows mapping traffic flows to hardware queue ranges using priorities and a config-
urable priority to traffic class mapping. A traffic class in this context is a set of contiguous qdisc classes which map 1:1 to a set of
hardware exposed queues.
By default the qdisc allocates a pfifo qdisc (packet limited first in, first out queue) per TX queue exposed by the lower layer device.
Other queuing disciplines may be added subsequently. Packets are enqueued using the map parameter and hashed across the indicated queues in
the offset and count. By default these parameters are configured by the hardware driver to match the hardware QOS structures.
Channel mode supports full offload of the mqprio options, the traffic classes, the queue configurations and QOS attributes to the hardware.
Enabled hardware can provide hardware QOS with the ability to steer traffic flows to designated traffic classes provided by this qdisc.
Hardware based QOS is configured using the shaper parameter. bw_rlimit with minimum and maximum bandwidth rates can be used for setting
transmission rates on each traffic class. Also further qdiscs may be added to the classes of MQPRIO to create more complex configurations.
On creation with 'tc qdisc add', eight traffic classes are created mapping priorities 0..7 to traffic classes 0..7 and priorities greater
than 7 to traffic class 0. This requires base driver support and the creation will fail on devices that do not support hardware QOS
These defaults can be overridden using the qdisc parameters. Providing the 'hw 0' flag allows software to run without hardware coordina-
If hardware coordination is being used and arguments are provided that the hardware can not support then an error is returned. For many
users hardware defaults should work reasonably well.
As one specific example numerous Ethernet cards support the 802.1Q link strict priority transmission selection algorithm (TSA). MQPRIO
enabled hardware in conjunction with the classification methods below can provide hardware offloaded support for this TSA.
Multiple methods are available to set the SKB priority which MQPRIO uses to select which traffic class to enqueue the packet.
From user space
A process with sufficient privileges can encode the destination class directly with SO_PRIORITY, see socket(7).
An iptables/nftables rule can be created to match traffic flows and set the priority. iptables(8)
with net_prio cgroups
The net_prio cgroup can be used to set the priority of all sockets belong to an application. See kernel and cgroup documentation for
num_tc Number of traffic classes to use. Up to 16 classes supported.
map The priority to traffic class map. Maps priorities 0..15 to a specified traffic class.
queues Provide count and offset of queue range for each traffic class. In the format, count@offset. Queue ranges for each traffic classes
cannot overlap and must be a contiguous range of queues.
hw Set to 1 to support hardware offload. Set to 0 to configure user specified values in software only.
mode Set to channel for full use of the mqprio options. Use dcb to offload only TC values and use hardware QOS defaults. Supported with
'hw' set to 1 only.
shaper Use bw_rlimit to set bandwidth rate limits for a traffic class. Use dcb for hardware QOS defaults. Supported with 'hw' set to 1
Minimum value of bandwidth rate limit for a traffic class.
Maximum value of bandwidth rate limit for a traffic class.
John Fastabend, <firstname.lastname@example.org>
iproute2 24 Sept 2013 MQPRIO(8)