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kldconfig(8) [freebsd man page]

KLDCONFIG(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					      KLDCONFIG(8)

kldconfig -- display or modify the kernel module search path SYNOPSIS
kldconfig [-dfimnUv] [-S sysctlname] [path ...] kldconfig -r DESCRIPTION
The kldconfig utility displays or modifies the search path used by the kernel when loading modules using the kldload(8) utility or the kldload(2) syscall. The following options are available: -d Remove the specified paths from the module search path. -f Do not display a diagnostic message if a path specified for adding is already present in the search path, or if a path specified for removing is not present in the search path. This may be useful in startup/shutdown scripts for adding a path to a file system which is still not mounted, or in shutdown scripts for unconditionally removing a path that may have been added during startup. -i Add the specified paths to the beginning of the search path, not to the end. This option can only be used when adding paths. -m Instead of replacing the module search path with the set of paths specified, ``merge'' in the new entries. -n Do not actually change the module search path. -r Display the current search path. This option cannot be used if any paths are also specified. -S sysctlname Specify the sysctl name to use instead of the default kern.module_path. -U ``Unique-ify'' the current search path - if any of the directories is repeated one or more times, only the first occurrence remains. This option implies -m. -v Verbose output: display the new module search path. If the path has been changed, and the -v flag is specified more than once, the old path is displayed as well. FILES
/boot/kernel, /boot/modules, /modules The default module search path used by the kernel. EXIT STATUS
The kldconfig utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. SEE ALSO
kldload(2), kldload(8), sysctl(8) HISTORY
The kldconfig utility first appeared in FreeBSD 4.4. AUTHORS
Peter Pentchev <> BSD
June 15, 2001 BSD

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KLDLOAD(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 						KLDLOAD(8)

kldload -- load a file into the kernel SYNOPSIS
kldload [-nqv] file ... DESCRIPTION
The kldload utility loads file.ko into the kernel using the kernel linker. Note that if multiple modules are specified then an attempt will be made to load them all, even if some fail. The .ko extension name is not mandatory when loading a given module using kldload. It does not hurt to specify it though. If a bare filename is requested it will only be loaded if it is found within the module path as defined by the sysctl kern.module_path. To load a module from the current directory it must be specified as a full or relative path. The kldload utility will warn if a module is requested as a bare filename and is present in the current directory. The following options are available: -n Do not try to load module if already loaded. -v Be more verbose. -q Silence any extraneous warnings. NOTES
The kernel security level settings may prevent a module from being loaded or unloaded by giving Operation not permitted. FILES
/boot/kernel directory containing loadable modules. Modules must have an extension of .ko. EXIT STATUS
The kldload utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. EXAMPLES
To load by module name: > kldload foo To load by file name within the module path: > kldload foo.ko To load by relative path: > kldload ./foo.ko To load by full path: > kldload /boot/kernel/foo.ko AUTOMATICALLY LOADING MODULES
Some modules (pf, ipfw, ipf, etc.) may be automatically loaded at boot time when the corresponding rc.conf(5) statement is used. Modules may also be auto-loaded through their addition to loader.conf(5). SEE ALSO
kldload(2), loader.conf(5), rc.conf(5), security(7), kldconfig(8), kldstat(8), kldunload(8) HISTORY
The kldload utility first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0, replacing the lkm interface. AUTHORS
Doug Rabson <> BSD
March 18, 2012 BSD

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